Race, ethnicity, and the efficacy of rosuvastatin in primary prevention: The Justification for the Use of Statins in Prevention: An Intervention Trial Evaluating Rosuvastatin (JUPITER) trial

Division of Cardiovascular Diseases, Center for Cardiovascular Disease Prevention, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA.
American heart journal (Impact Factor: 4.56). 07/2011; 162(1):106-14.e2. DOI: 10.1016/j.ahj.2011.03.032
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of statin treatment in primary prevention of cardiovascular events in different race/ethnic groups.
Clinical trial evidence about the efficacy of statins in the primary prevention of cardiovascular events among nonwhites is uncertain.
JUPITER trial, a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled evaluation of rosuvastatin 20 mg in the primary prevention of myocardial infarction (MI), stroke, arterial revascularization, hospitalization for unstable angina, and cardiovascular death included 12,683 whites and 5,117 nonwhites with low-density lipoprotein levels <130 mg/dL and high-sensitivity C-reactive protein levels ≥2.0 mg/L.
Random allocation to rosuvastatin resulted in a 45% reduction in the primary end point among whites (hazard ratio [HR] 0.55, 95% CI 0.43-0.69) and a 37% reduction among nonwhites (HR 0.63, 95% CI 0.41-0.99). Blacks (HR 0.65, 95% CI 0.35-1.22) and Hispanics (HR 0.58, 95% CI 0.25-1.39) had similar risk reductions. Among nonwhites in the placebo group, the stroke rate exceeded the MI rate (0.44 vs 0.20 per 100 person-years); an opposite pattern was observed among whites (0.31 vs 0.42 per 100 person-years). Nonwhites had higher death rates than whites (2.25 vs 0.93 per 100 person-years); however, all-cause mortality was similar at 20% with rosuvastatin treatment in both participant groups.
When used in primary prevention among individuals with low-density lipoprotein <130 mg/dL and high-sensitivity C-reactive protein ≥2 mg/L, rosuvastatin significantly reduced first MI, stroke, arterial revascularization, hospitalization for unstable angina, and cardiovascular death among whites and nonwhites.

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