Secretion of N-terminal domain of α-dystroglycan in cerebrospinal fluid.
ABSTRACT α-Dystroglycan (α-DG) plays crucial roles in maintaining the stability of cells. We demonstrated previously that the N-terminal domain of α-DG (α-DG-N) is secreted by cultured cells into the culture medium. In the present study, to clarify its function in vivo, we generated a monoclonal antibody against α-DG-N and investigated the secretion of α-DG-N in human cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). Interestingly, we found that a considerable amount of α-DG-N was present in CSF. α-DG-N in CSF was a sialylated glycoprotein with both N- and O-linked glycan. These observations suggest that secreted α-DG-N may be transported via CSF and have yet unidentified effects on the nervous system.