Antagonist Functional Selectivity: 5-HT2A Serotonin Receptor Antagonists Differentially Regulate 5-HT2A Receptor Protein Level In Vivo

Department of Pharmacology, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill Medical School, Chapel Hill, North Carolina 27599, USA.
Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics (Impact Factor: 3.86). 07/2011; 339(1):99-105. DOI: 10.1124/jpet.111.183780
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Dysregulation of the 5-HT(2A) receptor is implicated in both the etiology and treatment of schizophrenia. Although the essential role of 5-HT(2A) receptors in atypical antipsychotic drug actions is widely accepted, the contribution of 5-HT(2A) down-regulation to their efficacy is not known. We hypothesized that down-regulation of cortical 5-HT(2A) receptors contributes to the therapeutic action of atypical antipsychotic drugs. To test this hypothesis, we assessed the effect of chronically administered antipsychotics (clozapine, olanzapine, and haloperidol) and several 5-HT(2A) antagonists [ketanserin, altanserin, α-(2,3-dimethoxyphenyl)-1-[2-(4-fluorophenylethyl)]-4-piperidinemethanol (M100907), α-phenyl-1-(2-phenylethyl)-4-piperidinemethano (M11939), 4-[(2Z)-3-{[2-(dimethylamino)ethoxy]amino}-3-(2-fluorophenyl)prop-2-en-1-ylidene]cyclohexa-2,5-dien-1-one (SR46349B), and pimavanserin], on the phencyclidine (PCP)-induced hyperlocomotor response and cortical 5-HT(2A) receptor levels in C57BL/6J mice. Clozapine and olanzapine, but not haloperidol, induced receptor down-regulation and attenuated PCP-induced locomotor responses. Of the selective 5-HT(2A) antagonists tested, only ketanserin caused significant receptor protein down-regulation, whereas SR46349B up-regulated 5-HT(2A) receptors and potentiated PCP-hyperlocomotion; the other 5-HT(2A) receptor antagonists were without effect. The significance of these findings with respect to atypical antipsychotic drug action is discussed.


Available from: Martilias S Farrell, Dec 13, 2013
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