The Cox-2 -1195 G > A polymorphism and cancer risk: a meta-analysis of 25 case-control studies.
ABSTRACT Cyclooxygenase 2 (Cox-2, a rate-limiting enzyme in the conversion of arachidonic acid to prostanoids) has been implicated in several physiological and pathological processes, and it has been reported that polymorphisms in the regulatory region of Cox-2 might influence its expression, contributing to the interindividual susceptibility to cancer. However, results from published studies on the association between the Cox-2 -1195G > A polymorphism and the risk of cancer are conflicting. We performed a meta-analysis based on 25 case-control studies, including a total of 9482 cancer cases and 12 206 controls to derive a more precise estimation of the association and its possible influence on cancer risk. We used odds ratios (ORs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) to assess the strength of the association. The overall results indicated that the variant genotypes moderately increased risk of cancer (AA/AG versus GG, OR = 1.15, 95% CI: 1.02-1.31). In the stratified analysis for the -1195G > A polymorphism, a proximate association was observed in Asian populations (AA/AG versus GG, OR = 1.28, 95% CI: 1.12-1.46), but no significant association except for oesophageal cancer and 'others' was found when stratified by cancer type. In conclusion, our meta-analysis indicates that -1195G > A of Cox-2 is a low penetration risk factor for cancer.