The Cox-2 -1195 G > A polymorphism and cancer risk: a meta-analysis of 25 case-control studies.
ABSTRACT Cyclooxygenase 2 (Cox-2, a rate-limiting enzyme in the conversion of arachidonic acid to prostanoids) has been implicated in several physiological and pathological processes, and it has been reported that polymorphisms in the regulatory region of Cox-2 might influence its expression, contributing to the interindividual susceptibility to cancer. However, results from published studies on the association between the Cox-2 -1195G > A polymorphism and the risk of cancer are conflicting. We performed a meta-analysis based on 25 case-control studies, including a total of 9482 cancer cases and 12 206 controls to derive a more precise estimation of the association and its possible influence on cancer risk. We used odds ratios (ORs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) to assess the strength of the association. The overall results indicated that the variant genotypes moderately increased risk of cancer (AA/AG versus GG, OR = 1.15, 95% CI: 1.02-1.31). In the stratified analysis for the -1195G > A polymorphism, a proximate association was observed in Asian populations (AA/AG versus GG, OR = 1.28, 95% CI: 1.12-1.46), but no significant association except for oesophageal cancer and 'others' was found when stratified by cancer type. In conclusion, our meta-analysis indicates that -1195G > A of Cox-2 is a low penetration risk factor for cancer.
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ABSTRACT: Cyclooxygenase (COX) is a rate-limiting enzyme in prostaglandins synthesis which exists in two isoforms, COX-1 and COX-2. Over-expression of COX-2 was considered to increase the proliferation and enhance the invasiveness of breast cancer cells. It was suggested that genetic variations in COX-2 could influence its expression. Herein, the present study was aimed to investigate the associations between two mostly studied functional polymorphisms (-765 G > C and 8473 C > T) in COX-2 and breast cancer risk in Chinese Han women. In the hospital-based case-control study, 465 breast cancer patients and 799 cancer-free controls were genotyped for the COX-2 -765 G > C and 8473 C > T polymorphisms using TaqMan assay. We estimated odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (95% CIs) using the logistic regression. Compared with the wild genotype of -765 G > C, we found a statistically significant increased risk of breast cancer associated with the variant genotypes [GC/CC vs. GG: OR = 1.56, 95% CI = 1.11-2.21]. In the stratified analysis, the increased risk was more predominant among the subgroups of younger subjects (OR = 1.61, 95% CI = 1.00-2.61). Furthermore, the variant genotypes were associated with large tumor size (OR = 3.01, 95% CI = 1.47-6.12). No significant association was observed for the 8473 C > T polymorphism. Our results suggest that the functional -765 G > C polymorphism in the promoter of COX-2 may influence the susceptibility and progression of breast cancer in the Chinese Han population.Cancer Cell International 01/2014; 14:38. · 2.09 Impact Factor