Small cell carcinoma of the kidney: A clinicopathologic study of 14 cases
ABSTRACT Small cell carcinoma of the kidney is distinctively rare. We searched pathology files in 2 institutions and found 14 cases of renal small cell carcinoma. The patients' mean age at diagnosis was 59 years (range, 22-75 years); 8 were women, and 6 were men. Patients usually presented with hematuria (n = 6) and abdominal pain (n = 5). The mean tumor size was 7.1 cm (range, 3.5-14.0 cm). The small cell carcinoma was pure in 9 cases and mixed with high-grade urothelial carcinoma in 5 cases. None was associated with any type of renal cell carcinoma. Tumor necrosis was present in all cases, and lymphovascular invasion was identified in 6 cases. The tumor invaded the perinephric adipose tissue in 13 cases and was confined to the kidney in only 1 case. Lymph node metastases were identified in all patients who underwent lymph node dissection (5/5). On immunostains, the small cell carcinoma cells were positive for pancytokeratin (11/12), chromogranin (6/9), and synaptophysin (8/9). Follow-up data were available for 13 patients, and 11 died of small cell carcinoma at a mean of 15 months (range, 4-31 months) after diagnosis. Of the 2 surviving patients, 1 was alive at 5 months after diagnosis, and the other, whose disease was confined to the kidney, was alive with no evidence of disease at 137 months. In summary, renal small cell carcinoma is a highly aggressive disease that often presents at an advanced stage with widespread metastases. Patients usually have a poor clinical outcome despite multimodal therapy. The frequent coexistence of small cell carcinoma with urothelial carcinoma suggests that renal small cell carcinomas may evolve from a preexisting urothelial carcinoma.
- Human pathology 01/2012; 43(1):150-1; author reply 151-2. DOI:10.1016/j.humpath.2011.09.005 · 2.81 Impact Factor
- Human pathology 01/2012; 43(1):151-152. DOI:10.1016/j.humpath.2011.09.006 · 2.81 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Tubulocystic carcinoma of the kidney (TCK) is a recently established entity in renal neoplastic pathology. This review aims to give an overview of the clinical and pathobiological aspects of TCK. Grossly, the TCKs are well-demarcated multicystic lesions giving a "wrapped bubble" or "spongy" appearance. Microscopically, the tumors are composed of multiple, variably sized cysts separated by thin fibrous septa lacking ovarian stroma or desmoplastic reaction. The cysts are lined by tumor cells with eosinophilic cytoplasm and nuclear atypia of variable, but not infrequently of high grade corresponding to Fuhrman grade 3. A frequent association with papillary tumors has been reported. Recent molecular genetic studies of TCK have revealed distinct features separating this subset of renal cell carcinomas (RCCs) from other types of renal tumors including collecting duct carcinoma of Bellini and renal medullary carcinoma as well as pointing towards a close kinship with papillary RCC. Tubulocystic carcinoma of the kidney generally pursues an indolent clinical course. However, several cases with aggressive clinical behavior have been reported. We strongly feel that there is enough clinicopathological evidence to corroborate TCK as a separate entity and that it should be incorporated into the next WHO classification of renal tumors as a separate neoplastic category.Polish journal of pathology: official journal of the Polish Society of Pathologists 01/2013; 64(4):233-7. DOI:10.5114/pjp.2014.42664 · 0.83 Impact Factor