Recurrence risk and margin status in granular cell tumors of the breast: A clinicopathologic study of 13 patients
ABSTRACT Granular cell tumors (GCTs) of the breast are rare neoplasms that mimic epithelial malignancy clinically and rarely occur in association with it. Granular cell tumors of the breast are not infrequently excised with positive margins. Reports describing risk of recurrence including data on margin status and follow-up are lacking.
To review our series of GCTs of the breast to determine the risk of recurrence if excised with positive or close margins.
Cases of GCT of the breast were reviewed. Margin status of specimens was recorded as positive, close (<1 mm), and negative.
Thirteen female patients with GCT of the breast were identified. Mean patient age at presentation was 45 years. Seventy-seven percent of patients were African American and 23% were white. African American patients presented on average 13 years earlier than white patients. Average tumor size was 1.22 cm. Fifteen percent of lesions had positive margins on excisional biopsy or lumpectomy and 31% had tumor cells within 1 mm of the margin. One of 13 patients (8%) had coexistent invasive ductal carcinoma. Average follow-up for the entire group was 77 months. Patients with positive margins remained free of tumor progression or recurrence for 89 months and patients with close margins also remained disease free during a 64-month follow-up period. No tumors recurred out of the entire group.
Granular cell tumors of the breast have little long-term risk for recurrence, even when excised with positive margins. Surgical evaluation after nonexcisional biopsy may still be indicated to assess for the possible association of colocalized carcinoma.
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ABSTRACT: Granular cell tumors (GCTs) are uncommon soft tissue tumors that mostly occur in patients between 40 and 60 years of age and can occur at various body sites. Malignant granular cell tumors (MGCTs) comprise less than 2 % of GCTs and are mostly found on the lower extremities, especially the thighs. These tumors grow more rapidly than benign GCTs, and most importantly, they can metastasize. We describe an MGCT that presented as a right breast mass in a 79-year-old Japanese woman. Local excision was performed for the primary tumor, which was diagnosed as an atypical GCT, but 15 months later, the tumor recurred at the same site. Thereafter, right mastectomy with axillary lymph node dissection was performed. Metastatic disease was identified in 2 of 12 lymph nodes. The pathological examination revealed that the tumor had progressed to an MGCT after recurrence. Multiple liver, lung and bone metastases were revealed 4 months after the second surgery, and the patient died 34 months after the primary surgery. Our findings highlighted the difficulty in diagnosing MGCTs using histological features alone and suggested the usefulness of Ki67 values. A tumor with a high level of Ki67 should be treated as malignant, even if the tumor has few pathological features of malignancy.Breast Cancer 03/2012; 22(3). DOI:10.1007/s12282-012-0362-1 · 1.59 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: We describe a case of a 15-year-old girl who presented with 2 painful masses in her right breast. Ultrasound confirmed the presence of 2 lesions, both of which appeared noncharacteristic for fibroadenomas. Both lesions were surgically resected. One was found to be a fibroadenoma and the other a granular cell tumor, both benign upon further histologic evaluation. Breast masses are rare in the pediatric population. The finding of a concurrent fibroadenoma and granular cell tumor is unique and has not been previously reported. Granular cell tumors of the breast are relatively uncommon. Often, they are mistaken for a breast malignancy. The concerning clinical and radiographic findings in this patient warranted operative excision.Journal of Pediatric Surgery 10/2012; 47(10):1930-3. DOI:10.1016/j.jpedsurg.2012.07.050 · 1.39 Impact Factor