Article

Transilluminating testicular mass.

Department of Pediatric Surgery, Advanced Pediatric Center, Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research (PGIMER), Chandigarh, India.
Indian journal of medical and paediatric oncology 01/2011; 32(1):46-8. DOI: 10.4103/0971-5851.81891
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Testicular tumor in prepubertal age group is uncommon. Most of the testicular tumors are benign in this age group and present as painless, hard testicular mass. We present a case where a 7 year male child presented to us with painless scrotal swelling, which was cystic and transilluminating, clinically mimicking as hydrocele. On ultrasonography, the mass was solid. Orchidectomy was performed and histopathology revealed mature cystic teratoma.

0 Bookmarks
 · 
88 Views
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Testicular teratoma is a rare neoplasm affecting the pediatric population and has classically been reported to be the second most common testis tumor in children behind yolk sac tumors. Testicular teratomas are benign and partial orchiectomy may be considered. We describe our single institution experience with testicular teratoma and definitive treatment with testis preserving surgery. We reviewed the pathology records at our institution for all testicular and paratesticular tumors diagnosed between 1976 and November 2002 in males younger than 18 years. We specifically examined the prepubertal incidence of teratoma, including epidermoid cysts, and our experience with testis preserving surgery. Preoperative and postoperative ultrasonography images were used to calculate the atrophy index following surgery. Patients were contacted for long-term followup. Of 77 primary testicular and paratesticular tumors 38 were diagnosed in prepubertal boys (age younger than 13 years) including 11 mature teratomas and 5 epidermoid cysts. Mean patient age at treatment was 34.4 months (range 4 months to 10 years). All boys presented with a painless scrotal mass, cystic foci within an intratesticular mass on ultrasound and a normal alpha-fetoprotein level. Of the 16 boys with benign teratomas 13 (81%) were treated with a testis sparing procedure. At a mean 7-year followup no patient has presented with recurrent tumor in the ipsilateral or contralateral testicle. Postoperative physical examination and scrotal ultrasound were obtained in 9 patients at a median followup of 10.2 months, and there was no evidence of testicular atrophy or persistent discomfort. Unlike previously published series based on tumor registries, benign teratoma was the most common pediatric testicular tumor treated at our institution. Our single institution experience with testis preservation and long-term followup confirms the role and safety of this technique. Testis sparing surgery remains our technique of choice for testicular teratoma.
    The Journal of Urology 02/2004; 171(1):161-3. · 3.75 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Testicular tumors in the pediatric population are fundamentally distinct from their adult counterparts. We reviewed a contemporary single series from a large pediatric health science center. We also examined our experience with testis conserving surgery and then used it to develop a preoperative management algorithm. A retrospective review was performed of all testicular tumors at a single institution from 1984 to 2002. Data were compiled using the American Academy of Pediatrics testis tumor registry data collection form. We further examined partial orchiectomies for indications and outcomes with respect to cancer control and testicular viability. A total of 51 primary testicular lesions were identified. Patient age was prenatal to 16 years with a scrotal mass the most common presentation (81%). Mature teratoma, rhabdomyosarcoma, epidermoid cyst, yolk sac and germ cell tumors accounted for 43%, 26%, 10%, 8% and 6% of cases, respectively. This distribution was markedly different from the last reported American Academy of Pediatrics data base. Organ preserving surgery was planned and achieved in 13 cases. All surgeries were successful with respect to cancer control and testicular preservation. We believe that the higher incidence of teratoma is more representative of this population and yolk sac tumor is a minority diagnosis. The single institution review eliminates the interinstitutional referral heterogeneity that may have skewed larger data bases. Furthermore, the concept of testicular preserving surgery becomes an attractive option since we present its safety and efficacy. The management algorithm should facilitate the preoperative decision to perform less radical surgery and help preserve testicular tissue.
    The Journal of Urology 01/2004; 170(6 Pt 1):2412-5; discussion 2415-6. · 3.75 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Prepubertal testicular and paratesticular tumours are a rare group of tumours, distinct from postpubertal paediatric and adult tumours of this region. Tumours within this group are testicular germ-cell tumours (such as benign teratoma, epidermoid cyst and malignant yolk-sac tumours) and stromal tumours (such as juvenile granulosa-cell, Leydig-cell, and Sertoli-cell tumours). Paratesticular tumours can be benign (lipoma, leiomyoma, haemangioma) or malignant (rhabdomyosarcoma, melanotic neuroectodermal tumour of infancy). Because of their rarity, centralised pathology and treatment, and national collaborative clinical trials have been important in establishing the optimum management of malignant tumours in this group. We provide an up-to-date and comprehensive review of the clinical presentation, imaging, pathology, and clinical management of prepubertal paratesticular and testicular tumours.
    The Lancet Oncology 05/2010; 11(5):476-83. · 25.12 Impact Factor