Does sleep duration predict metabolic risk in obese adolescents attending tertiary services? A cross-sectional study.

Centre for Community Child Health, Royal Children’s Hospital and Murdoch Children’s Research Institute, Royal Children’s Hospital, Parkville, Victoria, Australia.
Sleep (Impact Factor: 5.06). 01/2011; 34(7):891-8. DOI: 10.5665/SLEEP.1122
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT To determine, in a clinical sample of obese adolescents, whether shorter sleep duration is associated with metabolic risk and obesity severity.
Cross-sectional study.
Tertiary care weight-management clinic in Cincinnati, OH, USA.
133 obese adolescents aged 10-16.9 years.
Multifaceted sleep duration data were examined with fasting venipuncture and anthropometric data collected during clinical care. Primary Outcome: presence of metabolic syndrome. Secondary Outcomes: waist circumference, triglycerides, HDL-cholesterol, blood pressure, glucose, insulin resistance (HOMA-IR), and body mass index (BMI). Predictors: Sleep duration by (1) parent-report, (2) self-report, and (3) multi-night actigraphy. Analysis: Relationships between sleep duration and each outcome were examined via regression models, adjusted for potential confounders.
Regardless of how measured, sleep duration showed no strong association with metabolic syndrome (OR 1.1 to 1.5, P = 0.2 to 0.8), BMI (β -0.03 to -0.01, P = 0.2 to 0.8), or most other outcomes. Lower triglycerides were predicted by shorter sleep duration by self-report (β 12.3, P = 0.01) and actigraphy (β 13.6, P = 0.03), and shorter parent-reported sleep duration was associated with higher HDL-cholesterol (β = -2.7, P = 0.002).
Contrary to expectations, sleep duration was not associated with metabolic outcomes, and showed limited associations with lipid profiles. Although inadequate sleep may affect other areas of functioning, it appears premature to expect that lengthening sleep will improve BMI or metabolic outcomes in clinical samples of obese adolescents.


Available from: Melissa Wake, May 06, 2015
1 Follower
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Obesity and metabolic syndrome is prevalent among Malaysian adolescents and has been associated with certain behavioural factors such as duration of sleep, screen time and physical activity. The aim of the study is to report the prevalence of overweight/obesity, metabolic syndrome and its risk factors among adolescents. A multi-staged cluster sampling method was used to select participants from urban and rural schools in Selangor, Perak and Wilayah Persekutuan Kuala Lumpur. Participants underwent anthropometric measurement and physical examination including blood pressure measurement. Blood samples were taken for fasting glucose and lipids and participants answered a self-administered questionnaire. Overweight and obesity was defined using the extrapolated adult body mass index (BMI) cut-offs of >25 kg/m2 and >30 kg/m2, according to the International Obesity Task Force (IOTF) criteria. Metabolic syndrome was defined based on International Diabetes Federation (IDF) 2007 criteria. Data were collected from 1361 participants. After excluding incomplete data and missing values for the variables, we analysed a sample of 1014 participants. Prevalence of overweight and obesity in this population was 25.4% (N = 258). The prevalence of metabolic syndrome was 2.6% in the population and 10% among the overweight and obese adolescents. Participants who slept between 7 and 9 hours a day has a lower risk of developing metabolic syndrome OR 0.38(0.15-0.94). Our results provide the prevalence of metabolic syndrome in Malaysian adolescents. Adequate sleep between 7 and 9 hours per day reduces the risk of developing metabolic syndrome.
    BMC Public Health 11/2014; 14 Suppl 3(Suppl 3):S7. DOI:10.1186/1471-2458-14-S3-S7 · 2.32 Impact Factor
  • Source
    02/2011; 7(1):16-18. DOI:10.1089/chi.2011.0105
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: We hypothesized that shorter sleep durations and greater variability in sleep patterns are associated with weight gain in the first semester of university. Students (N = 132) completed daily sleep diaries for 9 weeks, completed the MEQ (chronotype) and CES-D (depressed mood) at week 9, and self-reported weight/height (weeks 1 & 9). Mean and variability scores were calculated for sleep duration (TST, TSTv), bedtime (BT, BTv), and wake time (WT, WTv). An initial hierarchical regression evaluated (block 1) sex, ethnicity; (block 2) depressed mood, chronotype; (block 3) TST; (block 4) BT, WT; and (block 5; R(R) change = 0.09, p = 0.005) TSTv, BTv, WTv with weight change. A sex-by-TSTv interaction was found. A final model showed that ethnicity, TST, TSTv, and BTv accounted for 31% of the variance in weight change for males; TSTv was the most significant contributor (R(R) change = 0.21, p < 0.001). Daily variability in sleep duration contributes to males' weight gain. Further investigation needs to examine sex-specific outcomes for sleep and weight.
    Behavioral Sleep Medicine 08/2014; DOI:10.1080/15402002.2014.940109 · 1.56 Impact Factor