Although carbodiimides and succinimides are broadly employed for the formation of amide bonds (i.e., in amino acid coupling), their use in the coupling of peptides to water-soluble carboxylic-terminated colloidal gold nanoparticles remains challenging. In this article, we present an optimization study for the successful coupling of the KPQPRPLS peptide to spherical and rodlike colloidal gold nanoparticles. We show that the concentration, reaction time, and chemical environment are all critical to achieving the formation of robust, peptide-coated colloidal nanoparticles. Agarose gel electrophoresis was used for the characterization of conjugates.
"The attachment of the Tet-1 peptide to the nanoparticle was assisted by EDC/NHS coupling reaction. EDC/NHS coupling chemistry is widely used for the attachment of proteins or DNA to nanoparticles , . "
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Alzheimer's disease is a growing concern in the modern world. As the currently available medications are not very promising, there is an increased need for the fabrication of newer drugs. Curcumin is a plant derived compound which has potential activities beneficial for the treatment of Alzheimer's disease. Anti-amyloid activity and anti-oxidant activity of curcumin is highly beneficial for the treatment of Alzheimer's disease. The insolubility of curcumin in water restricts its use to a great extend, which can be overcome by the synthesis of curcumin nanoparticles. In our work, we have successfully synthesized water-soluble PLGA coated- curcumin nanoparticles and characterized it using different techniques. As drug targeting to diseases of cerebral origin are difficult due to the stringency of blood-brain barrier, we have coupled the nanoparticle with Tet-1 peptide, which has the affinity to neurons and possess retrograde transportation properties. Our results suggest that curcumin encapsulated-PLGA nanoparticles are able to destroy amyloid aggregates, exhibit anti-oxidative property and are non-cytotoxic. The encapsulation of the curcumin in PLGA does not destroy its inherent properties and so, the PLGA-curcumin nanoparticles can be used as a drug with multiple functions in treating Alzheimer's disease proving it to be a potential therapeutic tool against this dreaded disease.
PLoS ONE 03/2012; 7(3):e32616. DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0032616 · 3.23 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Functionalization of nanostructures such as gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) with different biological molecules has many applications in biomedical imaging, clinical diagnosis and therapy. Researchers mostly employed AuNPs larger than 10 nm for different biological and medicinal applications in previous studies. Herein, we synthesized a novel small (2 nm) AuNPs, which were functionalized with the therapeutic peptide, PMI (p12), and a targeted peptide, CRGDK for selective binding to neuropilin-1(Nrp-1) receptors which overexpressed on the cancer cells and regulated the process of membrane receptor-mediated internalization. It was found that CRGDK peptides increased intracellular uptake of AuNPs compared to other surface conjugations quantified by ICP-MS. Interestingly, CRGDK functionalized AuNPs resulted in maximal binding interaction between the CRGDK peptide and targeted Nrp-1 receptor overexpressed on MDA-MB-321 cell surface, which improved the delivery of therapeutic P12 peptide inside targeted cells. Au@p12 + CRGDK nanoparticles indicated with highly effective cancer treatment by increasing p53 expression upregulated with intracellular enhanced p12 therapeutic peptide. These results have implications to design and functionalize different molecules onto AuNPs surfaces to make hybrid model system for selective target binding as well as therapeutic effects for cancer treatment.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: In this paper we present an overview of our recent studies regarding the
interactions of functional nanoparticles with the human umbilical
endothelial cells (HUVECs). Cellular uptake, cytotoxicity and laser
hyperthermia of cells loaded with gold nanoparticles are discussed.
Particles with different shape, size and charge are compared and
evaluated to conclude at the most appropriate types for specific
biomedical applications (i.e. drug delivery, laser hyperthermia).
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