Sustaining and Spreading the Reduction of Adverse Drug Events in a Multicenter Collaborative

Department of Pediatrics, University of Colorado School of Medicine, Aurora, Colorado, USA.
PEDIATRICS (Impact Factor: 5.47). 08/2011; 128(2):e438-45. DOI: 10.1542/peds.2010-3772
Source: PubMed


Adverse drug events (ADEs) occur more frequently in pediatric patients than adults. ADEs frequently cause serious harm to children and increase the cost of care. The purpose of this study was to decrease ADEs by targeting the entire medication-delivery system for all high-risk medications.
Thirteen freestanding children's hospitals participated in this ADE collaborative. An advisory panel developed a change package of interventions that consisted of standardization of medication-ordering (eg, consensus-based protocols and order sets and high-alert medication protocols), reliable medication-dispensing processes (eg, automated dispensing cabinets and redesign of floor stock procedures), reliable medication-administration processes (eg, safe pump use and reducing interruptions), improvement of patient safety culture (eg, safety-culture changes and reduction of staff intimidation), and clinical decision support (eg, increase ADE detection and redesign care systems). ADE rates were compared from the 3-month baseline period to quarters of the 12-month intervention phase. ADE rates were categorized further as opioid related and other medication related.
From baseline to the final quarter, the collaborative resulted in a 42% decrease in total ADEs, a 51% decrease in opioid-related ADEs, and a 41% decrease in other medication ADEs.
A pediatric collaborative that targeted the medication-delivery system decreased the rate of ADEs at participating institutions.

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    ABSTRACT: INTRODUCTION: «High-risk drugs» are those that have a very high «risk» of causing death or serious injury if an error occurs during its use. The Institute for Safe Medication Practices (ISMP) has prepared a high-risk drugs list applicable to the general population (with no differences between the pediatric and adult population). Thus, there is a lack of information for the pediatric population. The main objective of this work is to develop a high-risk drug list adapted to the neonatal or pediatric population as a reference model for the pediatric hospital health workforce. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We made a literature search in May 2012 to identify any published lists or references in relation to pediatric and/or neonatal high-risk drugs. RESULTS: A total of 15 studies were found, from which 9 were selected. A model list was developed mainly based on the ISMP one, adding strongly perceived pediatric risk drugs and removing those where the pediatric use was anecdotal. CONCLUSIONS: There is no published list that suits pediatric risk management. The list of pediatric and neonatal high-risk drugs presented here could be a «reference list of high-risk drugs » for pediatric hospitals. Using this list and training will help to prevent medication errors in each drug supply chain (prescribing, transcribing, dispensing and administration).
    Anales de Pediatría 06/2013; · 0.83 Impact Factor
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