The role of miR-506 in transformed 16HBE cells induced by anti-benzo[a]pyrene-trans-7,8-dihydrodiol-9,10-epoxide
ABSTRACT Growing evidence indicates that the alteration of microRNA (miRNA) expression in tumors that is induced by chemical carcinogens plays an important role in tumor development and progression. However, the mechanism underlying miRNA involvement in lung carcinogenesis induced by anti-benzo[a]pyrene-trans-7,8-dihydrodiol-9,10-epoxide (anti-BPDE) remains unclear. In our study, we used the malignant transformation of human bronchial epithelial cells (16HBE-T) induced by anti-BPDE to explore the mechanisms of human lung carcinogenesis. We found that expression of miR-506 was reduced in 16HBE-T transformed malignant human bronchial epithelial cells compared with 16HBE normal human bronchial epithelial cells. Restoration of miR-506 in 16HBE-T cells led to a decrease in cell proliferation, G0/G1 phase cell cycle arrest, as well as significantly suppressed anchorage-dependent growth in vitro and tumor growth inhibition in a nude mouse xenograft model. In addition, we provided novel evidence regarding the role miR-506 potentially plays in negatively regulating the protein and mRNA expression level of N-Ras in cancer cells. Together, these findings revealed that miR-506 acts as an anti-oncogenic miRNA (anti-oncomir) in malignantly transformed cells. The identification of tumor suppressive miRNAs could provide new insight into the molecular mechanisms of chemical carcinogenesis.
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ABSTRACT: Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer deaths and remains an important public health problem worldwide. Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) are newly identified regulators of tumorigenesis and tumor progression. However, the role of lncRNAs in lung cancer induced by environmental carcinogens remains largely unknown. In this study, an lncRNA microarray was used to compare the expression profiles of malignantly transformed 16HBE cells (16HBE-T) induced with anti-benzo[a]pyrene-trans-7,8-diol-9,10-epoxide (anti-BPDE) and normal 16HBE cells (16HBE-N). Using quantitative real-time reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR), lncRNA AF118081 was identified as the most significantly overexpressed lncRNA in 16HBE-T cells, lung cancer cells, and patient samples. Cell proliferation, colony formation, apoptosis, migration, and invasion were assayed in 16HBE-T cells following the knockdown of lncRNA AF118081 with small interfering RNA. AF118081 knockdown inhibited cell growth and tumor invasion. An in vivo (nude mouse) model was then used to assay tumor growth, and the downregulation of AF118081 clearly suppressed tumor growth, consistent with the results of the in vitro assays. Together, these findings identify a new oncogenic lncRNA, lncRNA AF118081, in malignantly transformed 16HBE cells. This enhances our understanding of lncRNAs as important regulatory elements in chemical carcinogenesis and potential targets of lung cancer therapies.Toxicology Letters 07/2014; DOI:10.1016/j.toxlet.2014.07.004 · 3.36 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Chemotherapeutic drug resistance remains a major obstacle to the successful treatment of colon cancer. Here, we show that 77 differentially expressed miRNAs were identified in SW1116/HCPT versus SW1116, and over-expressed miR-506 in SW1116/HCPT cells was validated. Then it was indicated that PPARα is a common target of miR-506 by using a luciferase reporter assay. Our results also demonstrated that cytotoxic ability of HCPT requires the concomitant presence of PPARα, and that loss of PPARα expression imparts resistance to HCPTs anti-tumor effects. All together, our studies indicate that miR-506 over-expression in established HCPT-resistant colon cancer cell line confers resistance to HCPT by inhibiting PPARα expression, then providing a rationale for the development of miRNA-based strategies for reversing resistance in HCPT-resistant colon cancer cells.FEBS letters 11/2011; 585(22):3560-8. DOI:10.1016/j.febslet.2011.10.021 · 3.34 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Some microRNAs (miRNAs) are abnormally expressed in cancer and contribute to tumorigenesis. In the present study, we investigated the role of miR-506 in clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC). miR-506 expression was detected in renal cancer cell lines 786-O, ACHN, Caki-1, and Caki-2 and ccRCC specimens by quantitative real-time-PCR. We assessed the association of miR-506 expression with pathology and prognosis in ccRCC patients. We over-expressed and knocked-down miR-506 expression in two renal cancer cell lines, 786-O and ACHN, and assessed the impact on cell proliferation, migration and invasion. A luciferase reporter assay was conducted to confirm the target gene of miR-506 in renal cancer cell lines. miR-506 was significantly down-regulated in renal cancer cell lines and ccRCC specimens. Low miR-506 expression in ccRCC specimens was associated with an advanced clinical stage and poor prognosis. miR-506 expression was an independent prognostic marker of overall ccRCC patient survival in a multivariate analysis. Over-expression of miR-506 in renal cancer cells decreased cell growth and metastasis, In contrast, down-regulation of miR-506 expression promoted renal cancer cell growth and metastasis. FLOT1, a potential target gene of miR-506, was inversely correlated with miR-506 expression in ccRCC tissues. Consistent with the effect of miR-506, knockdown of FLOT1 by siRNA inhibited cell malignant behaviors. Rescue of FLOT1 expression partially restored the effects of miR-506. miR-506 exerts its anti-cancer function by directly targeting FLOT1 in renal cancer, indicating a potential novel therapeutic role in renal cancer treatment.PLoS ONE 03/2015; 10(3):e0120258. DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0120258 · 3.53 Impact Factor