We investigated the evidence of gastric protection for ulcer and gastritis by Cinnamomi Ramulus (Cinnamomum cassia Blume, Geiji, CR) extract and its several constituents. CR ethanolic extract showed the potent antioxidant activity and cytotoxicity of Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) and acid-neutralizing capacity. Especially, eugenol exerted a significant antioxidant activity and inhibited the colonization of H. pylori. In vivo test, eugenol and cinnamic acid significantly inhibited HCl/ethanol-induced gastric lesions and increased the mucus content though they didn't inhibit gastric secretion effectively. Taken together, eugenol and cinnamic acid, which were isolated from CR, exhibited the antioxidant activity in vitro and protective effect against gastric damage in vivo through stimulation of mucus secretion and so on. It suggested that they are useful as the neutraceuticals for gastritis.
"Antioxidant activity. Scavenging of DPPH free radical, nitric oxide radical, and superoxide anion radical were determined, according to a previous study (10). Ascorbic acid was used as a positive control. "
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) is the most important factor of gastric disease in clinical practice. Moreover, smoking, stress and a poor diet may be additive factors for gastric damage. With these factors, increasing infection of H. pylori triggers gastritis, gastric ulcers and gastric cancer. To develop a new protective agent, we are concerned with plant-derived extract. The extract of Coptis chinensis (C. chinensis) and its constituents were investigated to assess their protective activities against gastric damage. The C. chinensis extract showed a scavenging effect against 2, 2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) and superoxide radicals, inhibition of H. pylori colonization and antiulcerogenic activities in rat. In particular, palmatine derived from C. chinensis was found to be the novel protective agent. It is better than the C. chinensis extract, berberine, a well-known constituent of C. chinensis. We suggest that palmatine from the root cortex of C. chinensis may be a good candidate for the development of new pharmaceuticals to prevent gastric disease.
Toxicological Research 03/2014; 30(1):45-8. DOI:10.5487/TR.2014.30.1.045
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Guizhi decoction (GZD) is a classic traditional Chinese medicine formula, clinically used for the treatment of influenza, common cold, and other pyretic conditions. A sensitive, specific, and validated liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometric (LC-MS/MS) method was developed to investigate the pharmacokinetic properties of cinnamic acid, hippuric acid, paeoniflorin, and glycyrrhetic acid in rat. After single dose oral administration of 7.9 g extract/kg body weight GZD in rats, plasma concentrations of cinnamic acid, hippuric acid, paeoniflorin, and glycyrrhetic acid were measured by LC-MS/MS. Pharmacokinetic parameters were calculated from the plasma concentration-time data. The values of AUC(0-t), half-life (t (1/2)), and C (max) were 7.2 ± 2.3 μg h/mL, 1.2 ± 0.3 h, and 9.2 ± 5.2 μg/mL for cinnamic acid, 53 ± 31 μg h/mL, 2.8 ± 2.0 h, and 17 ± 3 μg/mL for hippuric acid, 1.1 ± 0.5 μg h/mL, 1.9 ± 1.1 h, and 0.6 ± 0.3 μg/mL for paeoniflorin, and 11 ± 6 μg h/mL, 6.6 ± 2.5 h, and 0.9 ± 0.6 μg/mL for glycyrrhetic acid, respectively. The results would offer useful information for effective components of GZD in vivo.
European Journal of Drug Metabolism and Pharmacokinetics 02/2013; 38(4). DOI:10.1007/s13318-013-0121-5 · 1.56 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Abstract Context: Obesity is associated with a number of diseases with metabolic abnormalities such as type 2 diabetes (T2D). Medicinal plants have been widely used for the treatment of obesity and related complications. Objective: In this study, we investigated the antidiabetic properties of the extract of twigs of Cinnamomum cassia Blume (Lauraceae) (Cinnamomi Ramulus; CR) in 3T3-L1 murine preadipocytes. Materials and methods: 3T3-L1 cells were differentiated into adipocytes for 3 d in insulin-conditioned medium and then treated with CR extract at concentrations of 100 and 500 μg/mL for 6 d. Adipocyte differentiation was measured by Oil Red O staining, and the expression of master transcription factors, peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma (PPARγ), CCAAT/enhancer binding protein-alpha (C/EBPα), and sterol regulatory element binding protein-1c (SREBP-1c), and lipid metabolism factors were investigated by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). The activation of the AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK)/insulin signaling pathway was assessed by western blot analysis. Results: CR extract significantly reduced lipid accumulation and down-regulated the expression of PPARγ, C/EBPα, and SREBP-1c in 3T3-L1 adipocytes. CR extract also suppressed the expression of fatty acid synthase (FAS), acyl-CoA synthase, and perilipin. Moreover, CR extract markedly up-regulated the phosphorylation of AMPK and acetyl-CoA carboxylase (ACC). In addition, CR extract effectively increased the expression levels of glucose transporter-4 (GLUT-4), phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K), and insulin receptor substrate-1 (IRS-1) in 3T3-L1 adipocytes. Discussion and conclusion: These results suggest that CR extract may have therapeutic potential as a natural agent for the improvement of T2D via regulation of the insulin-dependent signaling pathway.
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