New bone formation in the maxillary sinus using peripheral venous blood alone.
ABSTRACT The purpose of this study was to evaluate the amount of bone formation under a sinus membrane tented with implants and filled with venous blood as a graft material.
Fourteen patients (17 sinus augmentations) were consecutively treated with sinus floor elevation via the lateral window approach. The lateral bony window was created using a piezoelectric saw, and the sinus membrane was elevated to make a new compartment. After resorbable blast media-surfaced dental implants were placed simultaneously, the collected peripheral venous blood was applied to support the sinus membrane over the implant apex, and the bony portion of the lateral window was repositioned to seal the lateral window. In 6 cases, samples were taken for biopsy at the time of second stage surgery.
An average of 6.8 months after the sinus augmentation, new bone consolidation in the maxillary sinus was observed by radiographic and histologic evaluation. Vital bone formation was 38.70% according to the histomorphometric data. Of the 31 implants placed, 2 failed. The overall implant survival rate was 93.5%. All failures occurred when implants were placed into the extraction socket and were associated with poor initial stability.
This study suggests that simultaneous placement of dental implants and injection of peripheral venous blood as a graft material appears to be a safe alternative procedure for maxillary sinus augmentation.
Article: Evaluation of sinus floor augmentation with simultaneous implant placement using platelet-rich fibrin as sole grafting material.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Purpose: The objective of this study was to evaluate sinus floor augmentation with simultaneous implant placement using platelet-rich fibrin (PRF) as the only grafting material. Materials and Methods: This study included patients who underwent sinus floor augmentation with simultaneous implant placement using PRF as the sole filling material between July 2009 and January 2011 at the Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Nagasaki University Hospital. For each patient, presurgical and postsurgical (6 months after the surgery) radiography and computed tomographic scanning were performed to assess bone formation at the implant sites. The density (in Hounsfield units [HU]) of the newly formed bone and the bone height from the sinus floor to the alveolar crest where implants were inserted were measured using implant planning software (Simplant, Materialise Dental). Results: Nine sinus floor augmentations were performed, and 17 implants were placed in six patients. The mean residual bone height between the sinus floor and alveolar crest was 4.28 ± 1.00 mm (range, 1.9 to 6.1 mm) prior to surgery and 11.8 ± 1.67 mm (range, 9.1 to 14.1 mm) after surgery. The alveolar bone ridge was wide enough for implant placement in all cases. The mean density of the newly gained bone around the implants was 323 ± 156.2 HU (range, 185 to 713 HU). All implants were clinically stable at the time of abutment insertion, 6 months after sinus augmentation. Conclusion: Sinus elevation with simultaneous implant placement using PRF as the only filling material may promote natural bone regeneration.The International journal of oral & maxillofacial implants 01/2013; 28(1):77-83. · 1.78 Impact Factor