Creating Egalitarian Families among the Adult Children of Turkish- and Polish-Origin Immigrants in Sweden
Brown University, and University of Maryland, College Park.International Migration Review (Impact Factor: 1.15). 03/2011; 45(1):68-88. DOI: 10.2307/23016189
This article analyzes the factors shaping egalitarian family relationships among those with two Swedish-born parents and those with at least one parent born in Poland or Turkey. We ask: (1) What factors affect sharing domestic tasks and do they also shape the division of child care responsibilities? (2) Do these effects differ, depending on the extent of exposure to Swedish life? We analyze data from a longitudinal survey conducted between 1999 and 2003. Holding egalitarian work–family attitudes affects actual sharing of housework, but much more for those growing up in more socially integrated than in less integrated families.
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- "Previous research on Turkish immigrant families shows a strong correlation between greater agreement towards compatibility of family and work and a fairer share of household chores, childcare and responsibilities among couples (Herwartz-Emden 2000). It is assumed that egalitarian work–family attitudes have a positive effect on educational and occupational trajectories (Goldscheider et al. 2011). At the same time, some studies indicate that attitudes and preferences about the gender balance of work and family among descendants of immigrants differ from those prevailing in majority populations in European societies (Huschek et al. 2011). "
ABSTRACT: This paper examines the educational and occupational trajectories among second-generation immigrants of Turkish and Western-Balkan origin in Switzerland. Using a representative sample of 1107 respondents in two Swiss urban areas, the findings reveal that descendants of immigrants have reduced chances to follow a constant successful path from education to occupation, which is mainly determined by parental socioeconomic status. However, young adults of Turkish and Western Balkan origin are significantly more often upward mobile than the majority group, a pattern that is robust against a range of controls. We find parental monitoring and family cohesion to be positively related with upward mobility. Moreover, secondgeneration immigrants are more likely to be upwardly mobile than starting high in the education system but subsequently moving downwards—a profile that is more frequent among Swiss origin youth. Our multivariate results indicate that a lack of intense parent–child communication and perceived discrimination in school are affecting this downward process.Journal of International Migration and Integration / Revue de l integration et de la migration internationale 07/2015; DOI:10.1007/s12134-015-0452-y
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ABSTRACT: Second generation young adults born in Europe to migrant parents represent a growing share of European populations. Consequently, many important societal questions and future population trends relate to their behavior in the family domain. However, not much is known about the mechanisms that influence their behavior. This PhD dissertation focuses on the union formation and partner choice of second-generation Turks, who belong to the largest migrant group in Europe. To gain mew insights into their union formation patterns, the four empirical chapters of this study answer the following questions: A. What union formation patterns are observed among the Turkish second generation? How do these patterns differ from those of other ethnic groups? How do these patterns differ between second-generation Turks in different European countries? B. How can we explain the union formation patterns of the Turkish second generation? In particular, what is the role of third parties and the institutional context? With the newly available "The integration of the European Second Generation"(TIES) data, second-generation Turks in 13 cities in 7 countries, Austria, Belgium, France, Germany, the Netherlands, Sweden and Switzerland are compared.
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ABSTRACT: This study explores and compares gender-role behavior of second-generation Turks in six European countries. On the individual level, we study the role of gender ideology and consequences of (transnational) partner choice on four aspects of gender-role behavior; childcare, routine household tasks, financial matters, and income contribution. Furthermore, we ask whether welfare state regimes and policies have a similar effect on the gender-role behavior of the second generation across countries, as they have on the majority populations. Analyzing data from the survey The Integration of the European Second Generation (TIES, 2006-08), we find that the gender-role behavior of second-generation Turks follows a typology based on gender relations and predominant family models, but mainly for the traditionally female domain of childcare and routine household tasks. Our results show that contributing to the household income is clearly shared in Sweden, but less so in the other countries. Taking care of financial matters follows no clear country pattern and women are twice as likely as men to indicate this as a shared task. The findings underline the importance of policies in shaping gender-role behavior also for migrants and their descendants. Intra-group comparison points to the strong influence of gender ideology on behavior and to the fact that men choosing a partner from Turkey live in couples where the division of labor is the most traditional.Advances in Life Course Research 12/2011; 16(4):164-177. DOI:10.1016/j.alcr.2011.09.005 · 1.35 Impact Factor
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