Contemporaneous dual catalysis: chemoselective cross-coupling of catalytic vanadium-allenoate and π-allylpalladium intermediates.
ABSTRACT This paper presents a detailed investigation of a dual catalytic system that combines a vanadium-catalyzed Meyer-Schuster rearrangement and a palladium-catalyzed allylic alkylation. The implementation of this novel reaction relies on matching the formation rates of vanadium-allenoate and π-allylpalladium intermediates with their bimolecular coupling rate in order to minimize the undesired protonation or O-alkylation of the catalytically generated intermediates. Chemoselectivity in this dual catalytic process was successfully achieved by adjusting ligand structure and catalyst loading ratios of the vanadium and palladium catalysts. A great range of coupling partners for both the propargyl alcohol and allyl carbonate components are readily accommodated in this new transformation, which in turn provides a novel avenue to a variety of α-allylated α,β-unsaturated ketones, esters, and amides in moderate to excellent isolated yields.
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ABSTRACT: Synergistic catalysis is a synthetic strategy wherein both the nucleophile and the electrophile are simultaneously activated by two separate and distinct catalysts to afford a single chemical transformation. This powerful catalysis strategy leads to several benefits, specifically synergistic catalysis can (i) introduce new, previously unattainable chemical transformations, (ii) improve the efficiency of existing transformations, and (iii) create or improve catalytic enantioselectivity where stereocontrol was previously absent or challenging. This perspective aims to highlight these benefits using many of the successful examples of synergistic catalysis found in the literature.Chemical Science 01/2012; 2012(3):633-658. · 8.31 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The enantioselective α-vinylation of aldehydes using vinyl iodonium triflate salts has been accomplished via the synergistic combination of copper and chiral amine catalysis. These mild catalytic conditions provide a direct route for the enantioselective construction of enolizable α-formyl vinylic stereocenters without racemization or olefin transposition. These high-value coupling adducts are readily converted into a variety of useful olefin synthons.Journal of the American Chemical Society 05/2012; 134(22):9090-3. · 10.68 Impact Factor