[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Hail boration! 2-Dimethylaminopyridine-ligated dihaloborocations [X2 B(2-DMAP)](+) with a strained four-membered boracycle were used for the haloboration of terminal and dialkyl internal alkynes. Esterification then provided vinyl boronate esters as useful precursors to tetrasubstituted alkenes. Following mechanistic studies, the scope of the haloboration was expanded simply by variation of the amine. Pin=2,3-dimethyl-2,3-butanedioxy.
Angewandte Chemie International Edition 06/2013; · 11.34 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Redox-inactive metal ions have been recognized to be able to participate in redox metal-ion-mediated biological and chemical oxidative events; however, their roles are still elusive. This work presents how the redox-inactive metal ions affect the oxidative reactivity of a well-investigated manganese(II) with its corresponding manganese(IV) complexes having cross-bridged cyclam ligand. In dry acetone, the presence of these metal ions can greatly accelerate stoichiometric oxidations of triphenylphosphine and sulfides by the manganese(IV) complexes through electron transfer or catalytic sulfoxidations by the corresponding manganese(II) complexes with PhIO. Significantly, the rate enhancements are highly Lewis-acid strength dependent on added metal ions. These metal ions like Al(3+) can also promote the thermodynamic driving force of the Mn(IV)-OH moiety to facilitate its hydrogen abstraction from ethylbenzene having a BDECH value of 85 kcal/mol, while it is experimentally limited to 80 kcal/mol for Mn(IV)-OH alone. Adding Al(3+) may also improve the manganese(II)-catalyzed olefin epoxidation with PhIO. However, compared with those in electron transfer, improvements in hydrogen abstraction and electron transfer are minor. The existence of the interaction between Lewis acid and the manganese(IV) species was evidenced by the blue shift of the characteristic absorbance of the manganese(IV) species from 554 to 537 nm and by converting its EPR signal at g = 2.01 into a hyperfine 6-line signal upon adding Al(3+) (I = 5/2). Cyclic voltammograms of the manganese(IV) complexes reveal that adding Lewis acid would substantially shift its potential to the positive direction, thus enhancing its oxidizing capability.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: It is established that Oxone (peroxymonosulfate, 2KHSO5 · KHSO4 · K2SO4) oxidizes benzene to p-quinone very efficiently and selectively in a homogeneous solution in aqueous acetonitrile in the presence of a catalyst, i.e., dimeric manganese(IV) complex [LMn(O)3MnL](PF6)2 where L is 1,4,7-trimethyl-1,4,7-triazacyclononane, and a cocatalyst, i.e., oxalic acid. The dependences of the maximum rate of quinone accumulation on the initial concentrations of reagents are studied. It is proposed that benzene is oxidized by the manganyl particle containing the Mn(V)=O fragment that forms upon the reaction of the reduced form of the starting dimeric manganese complex with Oxone.
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