Parental influences on adolescent fruit consumption: the role of adolescent self-efficacy

Centre for Physical Activity and Nutrition Research, School of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences, Deakin University, Victoria 3125, Australia.
Health Education Research (Impact Factor: 1.66). 06/2011; 27(1):14-23. DOI: 10.1093/her/cyr051
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT The aims of this study were to examine whether adolescent self-efficacy mediates the associations between parental control, perceptions of the importance of healthy nutrition for child health and barriers to buying fruits and vegetables and adolescent fruit consumption using a theoretically derived explanatory model. Data were drawn from a community-based sample of 1606 adolescents in Years 7 and 9 of secondary school and their parents, from Victoria, Australia. Adolescents completed a web-based survey assessing their fruit consumption and self-efficacy for increasing fruit consumption. Parents completed a survey delivered via mail assessing parental control, perceptions and barriers to buying fruit and vegetables. Adolescent self-efficacy for increasing fruit consumption mediated the positive associations between parental control and perceptions of the importance of healthy nutrition for child health and adolescent fruit consumption. Furthermore, adolescent self-efficacy mediated the negative association between parental barriers to buying fruits and vegetables and adolescent fruit consumption. The importance of explicating the mechanisms through which parental factors influence adolescent fruit consumption not only relates to the advancement of scientific knowledge but also offers potential avenues for intervention. Future research should assess the effectiveness of methods to increase adolescent fruit consumption by focussing on both improving adolescents' dietary self-efficacy and on targeting parental control, perceptions and barriers.

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Available from: Natalie Pearson, Jun 11, 2015
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    • "Together, these data and previous studies emphasise the need for intervention to encourage food-related self-efficacy in young people , particularly those who are younger and those who leave mainstream education prior to or at the age of 16 years. That having low self-efficacy was associated with more frequent junk and high fat food choices corroborates the growing body of research which suggests that self-efficacy may hold the key to compliance with healthy eating recommendations among the young (Bruening et al., 2010; Fitzgerald et al., 2013; Granner & Evans, 2012; Kinard & Webster, 2012; Lubans et al., 2012; Pearson et al., 2012). Food involvement (kitchen and enjoyment) increased with age implying that dietary health promotion initiatives should be targeted at younger school leavers. "
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    ABSTRACT: Associations between socio-demographic and psychological factors and food choice patterns were explored in unemployed young people who constitute a vulnerable group at risk of poor dietary health. Volunteers (N = 168), male (n = 97) and female (n = 71), aged 15–25 years were recruited through United Kingdom (UK) community-based organisations serving young people not in education training or employment (NEET). Survey questionnaire enquired on food poverty, physical activity and measured responses to the Food Involvement Scale (FIS), Food Self-Efficacy Scale (FSS) and a 19-item Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ). A path analysis was undertaken to explore associations between age, gender, food poverty, age at leaving school, food self-efficacy (FS-E), food involvement (FI) (kitchen; uninvolved; enjoyment), physical activity and the four food choice patterns (junk food; healthy; fast food; high fat). FS-E was strong in the model and increased with age. FS-E was positively associated with more frequent choice of healthy food and less frequent junk or high fat food (having controlled for age, gender and age at leaving school). FI (kitchen and enjoyment) increased with age. Higher FI (kitchen) was associated with less frequent junk food and fast food choice. Being uninvolved with food was associated with more frequent fast food choice. Those who left school after the age of 16 years reported more frequent physical activity. Of the indirect effects, younger individuals had lower FI (kitchen) which led to frequent junk and fast food choice. Females who were older had higher FI (enjoyment) which led to less frequent fast food choice. Those who had left school before the age of 16 had low food involvement (uninvolved) which led to frequent junk food choice. Multiple indices implied that data were a good fit to the model which indicated a need to enhance food self-efficacy and encourage food involvement in order to improve dietary health among these disadvantaged young people.
    Food Quality and Preference 12/2015; 46(2015):40-47. DOI:10.1016/j.foodqual.2015.06.014 · 2.73 Impact Factor
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    • "In some studies, there was a particular focus was on specific self-efficacy related to a given skill. Studies, relating to the dietary self-efficacy of adolescents , found that parental knowledge was an important factor in improving healthy eating in adolescents (Pearson et al. 2012). The example, presented in the final part of our paper, indicated that self-efficacy might be a mediator of the relationship between a parent's raised education level and other variables related to general well-being. "
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    ABSTRACT: Objectives The aim of this study is to determine the impact that raised mother’s education and a relative change in family affluence might have on adolescent general self-efficacy (GSE). Methods Data on 600 children born in Poland in January 1995 and their families were used. Data from early childhood and adolescence (2008) were considered and the change between these two periods was determined. Results Family affluence increased in 37.3 % of families with mothers, who had raised their education level (12.6 % of the sample), in comparison to 26.8 % in the group with no change, p < 0.001. The average GSE scores in those groups were 73.4 and 68.1, respectively, p < 0.001. In the best linear regression model adjusted for gender, the independent predictors of GSE turned out to be mother’s education change and the family’s current affluence. Conclusions Raised mother’s education level may encourage building up developmental assets in older children. Based on the structural model, where self-efficacy is the mediator of the relationship between socio-economic status change and the quality of life (KIDSCREEN-10) these results may be of importance in further research.
    International Journal of Public Health 04/2013; 59(1). DOI:10.1007/s00038-013-0458-1 · 2.70 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Parents have a critical role in adolescent health. The association of adolescents' perceptions of family relationships with adolescent health was investigated using a sample of 67 female adolescents who participated in eight focus group discussions, utilising a purposeful sampling method. All tape-recorded data were fully transcribed and content analysis was performed. Three themes were identified, namely emotional support, responsible parents and well-informed parents. With regard to some of the challenges in Iranian adolescents' relationships with their parents, it is necessary to educate parents to be alert to their role in adolescent health.
    Mental Health in Family Medicine 12/2012; 9(4):251-256.
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