[Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and cardiovascular disease].

Servicio de Neumología, Hospital Universitario, Guadalajara, España.
Archivos de Bronconeumología (Impact Factor: 2.17). 01/2010; 46 Suppl 3:18-22.
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT In the last decade, various studies have suggested that chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) could favor the development of ischemic heart disease. Several observational and case-control studies have confirmed that patients with COPD have a higher risk of cardiovascular disorders. However, this increased risk could be largely explained by a greater prevalence of classical risk factors. Currently, there are no data to indicate a causal relation between COPD and cardiovascular disease and the concept of systemic inflammation as a common pathogenic mechanism has not been demonstrated. Equally, there is insufficient evidence to conclude that some drugs, such as statins or inhaled corticoids, could decrease cardiovascular risk in patients with COPD by reducing systemic inflammation. Currently, these drugs should only be recommended if patients show specific indications for their use.

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    ABSTRACT: High-sensitivity cardiac troponin T (hs-cTnT) in serum is a useful marker of acute myocardial injury, yet information is limited in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. We aimed to explore the association between hs-cTnT levels and cardiac and pulmonary dysfunction in patients with stable chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and at-risk individuals. We examined community-dwelling adults with/without chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, with a life-long smoking history, current symptoms of dyspnea during exertion, prolonged coughing, and/or sputum. Serum hs-cTnT concentrations were measured, and subjects underwent pulmonary function tests, high-resolution computed tomography of the chest, an echocardiogram, and a 6-minute walking test. Eighty-six stable patients were identified (mean age 65.5 years; predicted forced expiratory volume in 1 second [FEV1% predicted] 75.0%). Their overall mean hs-cTnT level was 0.008 ng/mL. Logarithmically transformed hs-cTnT levels significantly and positively correlated with age, smoking index, serum high-sensitivity C-reactive protein levels, right ventricle systolic pressure, low attenuation area percentage, and brain natriuretic peptide levels (range r=0.231-0.534, P=0.000 to P=0.042). Further, logarithmically transformed hs-cTnT values significantly and negatively correlated with forced vital capacity, FEV1% predicted, diffusion capacity, arterial oxygen tension, and 6-minute walking distance (range r= -0.482 to -0.377, P=0.000 to P=0.002). Multivariate analyses showed that hs-cTnT values varied independently according to the following three parameters: high-sensitivity C-reactive protein levels (B=0.157, β=0.450, t=3.571, P=0.001), age (B=0.008, β=0.352, t=2.789, P=0.009), and right ventricular systolic pressure (B=0.008, β=0.280, t=2.202, P=0.035). Even in patients with stable chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, the serum troponin T concentration was controlled by at least three major factors, ie, systemic inflammation, advancing age, and right cardiac overload.
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