Article

Effects of ethnicity and insurance status on outcomes after thoracic endoluminal aortic aneurysm repair (TEVAR).

Division of Vascular Surgery, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, TX, USA.
Journal of vascular surgery: official publication, the Society for Vascular Surgery [and] International Society for Cardiovascular Surgery, North American Chapter (Impact Factor: 2.98). 04/2010; 51(4 Suppl):14S-20S. DOI: 10.1016/j.jvs.2009.11.079
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Thoracic endoluminal aortic aneurysm repair (TEVAR) is associated with improved outcomes compared with open thoracic aortic aneurysm repair. This study was designed to better characterize TEVAR outcomes in a large population, and to determine if outcomes are independently influenced by patient ethnicity and insurance status.
Using the Nationwide Inpatient Sample (NIS) database, we selected patients who underwent TEVAR between 2001 and 2005. Ethnicity and insurance type were independently evaluated against the outcome variables of mortality and postoperative complications. Age, gender, hospital region, hospital location, hospital size, and comorbidities were controlled as cofounders.
Between 2001 and 2005, 875 patients underwent TEVAR. There was a significantly greater proportion of Caucasians (n = 650) compared with African Americans (n = 104) or Hispanics (n = 49). Patients had a male preponderance, and most procedures were elective. The overall mortality was 13.3% (n = 117), and spinal cord ischemia was 0.8% (n = 7), with no differences between patients of varied ethnicity or payer status. Significant differences were noted among the races including gender (P = .003), income (P < .0001), hospital region (P < .001), hospital bed size (P = .013), and insurance type (P < .001). Significant variations in demographics characteristics were also present between patients with different insurance classifications including gender (P < .001), surgery type (P = .009), income (P = .003), race (P < .0001), and comorbidity index (P < .0001). After adjustment for cofounders and multiple comparisons, there were no differences in rates of complications among patients with varying race or insurance status.
Mortality after TEVAR remains high in the US, although this may be associated with its early introduction during the study period. Nonetheless, the incidence of spinal cord ischemia is very low. Ethnicity and insurance type do not appear to influence TEVAR outcomes.

0 Bookmarks
 · 
99 Views
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: A growing body of literature in vascular surgery demonstrates disparities in the type of health care that racial/ethnic minorities receive in the United States. Numerous recommendations, including those of the Institute of Medicine, have been set forth, which identify increasing the number of minority health professionals as a key strategy to eliminating health disparities. The purpose of this study is to compare the racial/ethnic distribution of the Society for Vascular Surgery (SVS) membership, the SVS leadership, vascular surgery trainees, and medical students. The results demonstrate that the racial/ethnic distribution of the SVS membership reflects a considerable lack of diversity with a paucity of diversity among the SVS leadership. An increasing rate of racial/ethnic diversity among vascular surgery trainees may indicate that the SVS will see an improvement in diversity in the future.
    Journal of vascular surgery: official publication, the Society for Vascular Surgery [and] International Society for Cardiovascular Surgery, North American Chapter 12/2012; 56(6):1710-6. · 2.98 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVES: Mortality and complication rates for open thoracic aortic aneurysm repair have declined but remain high. The purpose of this study is to determine the influence of ethnicity and insurance type on procedure selection and outcome after open thoracic aneurysm repair. METHODS: Using the Nationwide Inpatient Sample database, ethnicity and insurance type were evaluated against the outcome variables of mortality and major complications associated with open thoracic aneurysm repair. The potential cofounders of age, gender, urgency of operation, and Deyo index of comorbidities were controlled. RESULTS: Between 2001 and 2005, a total of 10,557 patients were identified who underwent elective open thoracic aneurysm repair, with a significantly greater proportion of white patients (n = 8524) compared with black patients (n = 819), Hispanic patients (n = 556), and patients categorized as other (n = 658). Most patients (67%) were male. Almost half (45%) of the procedures were performed for urgent/emergent indications. Overall mortality was 10.7% (n = 1126) and the rate of spinal cord ischemia was 0.4% (n = 43). Univariate analysis revealed significant differences among race with regard to surgery type, income, hospital region, hospital bed size, and insurance type (P < 0.0001). Differences between insurance coverage were significant for gender, surgery type, income, hospital region, and race (P < 0.0001). Bivariate analysis by race revealed differences for death (P < 0.0001), pneumonia (P < 0.0001), renal complications (P = 0.011), implant complications (P < 0.0001), temporary tracheostomy (P = 0.004), transfusion (P < 0.0001), and intubation (P < 0.0001). In terms of payer status, bivariate analysis by insurance coverage revealed differences in death (P < 0.0001), central nervous system complications (P = 0.008), pneumonia (P < 0.0001), myocardial infarction (P = 0.001), infection (P < 0.0001), renal complications (P < 0.0001), malnutrition (P < 0.0001), temporary tracheostomy (P < 0.0001), spinal cord ischemia (P = 0.001), transfusion (P < 0.0001), and intubation (P < 0.0001). CONCLUSIONS: A high percentage of open thoracic procedures (45%) are performed urgently or emergently in the United States, which is associated with increased morbidity and mortality. Both ethnicity and payer status were associated with significant differences in surgical outcomes, including mortality and frequency of complications after open thoracic aortic aneurysm repair.
    Annals of Vascular Surgery 03/2013; · 1.03 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: INVESTIGATION INTO THE ASSOCIATION OF INSURANCE STATUS WITH THE OUTCOMES OF PATIENTS UNDERGOING NEUROSURGICAL INTERVENTION HAS BEEN LIMITED: this is the first nationwide study to analyze the impact of primary payer on the outcomes of patients with aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage who underwent endovascular coiling or microsurgical clipping. The Nationwide Inpatient Sample (2001-2010) was utilized to identify patients; those with both an ICD-9 diagnosis codes for subarachnoid hemorrhage and a procedure code for aneurysm repair (either via an endovascular or surgical approach) were included. Hierarchical multivariate regression analyses were utilized to evaluate the impact of primary payer on in-hospital mortality, hospital discharge disposition, and length of hospital stay with hospital as the random effects variable. Models were adjusted for patient age, sex, race, comorbidities, socioeconomic status, hospital region, location (urban versus rural), and teaching status, procedural volume, year of admission, and the proportion of patients who underwent ventriculostomy. Subsequent models were also adjusted for time to aneurysm repair and time to ventriculostomy; subgroup analyses evaluated for those who underwent endovascular and surgical procedures separately. 15,557 hospitalizations were included. In the initial model, the adjusted odds of in-hospital mortality were higher for Medicare (OR 1.23, p<0.001), Medicaid (OR 1.23, p<0.001), and uninsured patients (OR 1.49, p<0.001) compared to those with private insurance. After also adjusting for timing of intervention, Medicaid and uninsured patients had a reduced odds of non-routine discharge (OR 0.75, p<0.001 and OR 0.42, p<0.001) despite longer hospital stays (by 8.35 days, p<0.001 and 2.45 days, p = 0.005). Variations in outcomes by primary payer-including in-hospital post-procedural mortality-were more pronounced for patients of all insurance types who underwent microsurgical clipping. The observed differences by primary payer are likely multifactorial, attributable to varied socioeconomic factors and the complexities of the American healthcare delivery system.
    PLoS ONE 10/2013; 8(10):e78047. · 3.53 Impact Factor

Full-text (2 Sources)

Download
14 Downloads
Available from
May 28, 2014