[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Concept mapping is a tool to assist in strategic planning that allows planners to work through a sequence of phases to produce a conceptual framework. Although several studies describe how concept mapping is applied to various public health problems, the flexibility of the methods used in each phase of the process is often overlooked. If practitioners were more aware of the flexibility, more public health endeavors could benefit from using concept mapping as a tool for strategic planning.
The objective of this article is to describe how the 6 concept-mapping phases originally outlined by William Trochim guided our strategic planning process and how we adjusted the specific methods in the first 2 phases to meet the specialized needs and requirements to create The Healthy Brain Initiative: A National Public Health Road Map to Maintaining Cognitive Health. In the first stage (phases 1 and 2 of concept mapping), we formed a steering committee, convened 4 work groups over a period of 3 months, and generated an initial set of 42 action items grounded in science. In the second stage (phases 3 and 4), we engaged stakeholders in sorting and rating the action items and constructed a series of concept maps. In the third and final stage (phases 5 and 6), we examined and refined the action items and generated a final concept map consisting of 44 action items. We then selected the top 10 action items, and in 2007, we published The Healthy Brain Initiative: A National Public Health Road Map to Maintaining Cognitive Health, which represents the strategic plan for The Healthy Brain Initiative.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study is to find out the differences in personality traits and preparation level of the baby boomers for the old age by the demographic factors and to analyze the effect of Big 5 on preparation for the old age. The 331 questionnaires were distributed among workers born in 1955 to 1963 in the Chunan industrial complex. And the frequency analysis, factor analysis, reliability analysis, t-test, ANOVA, hierarchical regression analysis for the collected data were conducted with program SPSS 18.0 The findings are as follows. First, there is a partial difference in personality and preparation for the old age by the demographic factors. Second, extraversion, openness to experience and conscientiousness from personality have a positive effect on physical preparation for the old age while neuroticism has a negative effect on it. And there is no relationship between agreeableness and personality. Third, conscientiousness, openness to experience and extraversion have a positive effect on social preparation for the old age, but neuroticism and agreeableness do no affect it. Fourth, neuroticism,extraversion,openness to experience and conscientiousness have a positive effect on economic preparation for the old age, but agreeableness does not have any relationship with economic preparation.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Chemotherapy-related cognitive impairment, known as "chemobrain," has been described as a side effect of chemotherapy and is associated with cognitive changes on quality of life especially among older cancer survivors. This longitudinal feasibility study examined the relationship between physical fitness, cognitive health, and quality of life among two groups of older adults: those on chemotherapy, and those who have completed chemotherapy. To assess cognitive health, we used the Montreal Cognitive Assessment and demographic information from the Healthy Brain Questionnaire. For quality of life, we used the McGill Quality of Life assessment. Physical activity was assessed using Metabolic Equivalency Tasks from the Compendium of Physical Activities classification system. t-Tests and regression analyses indicated that at Time 1 those on chemotherapy had lower cognitive health scores than those off chemotherapy. Yet at Time 2, as physical activities increased, cognitive health and quality of life improved for those on chemotherapy. However, those who had completed chemotherapy also benefited from an increase in physical activities over time. The results have implications for health care practitioners in oncology settings to better inform patients of cognitive challenges resulting from chemotherapy and the importance of participation in physical activities. Future research should compare different age groups among a larger sample.
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