Treating to target: a strategy to cure gout.
ABSTRACT Acute gout attacks and the long-term complications of gout are associated with the deposition of monosodium urate (MSU) monohydrate crystals in the joints and soft tissues, causing acute and chronic inflammation. The aim of long-term treatment is to reduce the serum urate (sUA) level to 6 mg/dl (< or =360 micromol/l), below the saturation point of MSU, so that new crystals cannot form and existing crystals are dissolved. Serial joint aspiration studies confirmed the disappearance of crystals with effective urate-lowering therapy. There is good evidence that achieving sUA <6 mg/dl (360 micromol/l) results in freedom from acute gout attacks, and shrinkage and eventual disappearance of tophi. Gout patients must be informed about their diagnosis and educated about gout management including the importance of compliance with long-term treatment. Patients starting urate-lowering therapy need to understand the importance of prophylactic therapy with colchicine or NSAIDs to reduce the risk of 'mobilization flares' in the first few months. In the long term, reduction in the sUA below the target level will result in gout being effectively cured.
- SourceAvailable from: Monika Reuss-Borst[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Introduction. Febuxostat, a novel xanthine oxidase inhibitor for the treatment of symptomatic hyperuricemia, showed superiority over allopurinol in the reduction of serum uric acid levels in pivotal studies. Whether this holds true the FORTE (febuxostat in the oral urate lowering treatment: effectiveness and safety) study was conducted to evaluate treatment with febuxostat under daily practice conditions. Materials/Methods. The multicentre, open-label, and prospective observational study was conducted in 1,690 German medical practices from 9/2010 to 5/2011. Safety and efficacy data were assessed at baseline and week 4. Results. Data from 5,592 gout patients (72.6% male, mean age 63.7 years) were collected. Under urate lowering treatment with febuxostat mean serum uric acid levels decreased significantly from 8.9 ± 1.9 mg/dL (534.0 ± 114.6 μmol/L) at baseline to 6.2 ± 2.5 mg/dL (372.0 ± 150.0 μmol/L) at week 4. 67% which reached the mean uric acid target (6.1 ± 1.0 mg/dL [366.0 ± 59.4 μmol/L]). Only 43.1% of patients received concomitant flare prophylaxis. A total of 178 adverse events (mostly gout flares) were reported in 152 patients (2.6%). Conclusion. Febuxostat lowers serum uric acid levels effectively in routine clinical practice. Overall, treatment with febuxostat in both available dosages (80 mg/120 mg) was safe and well tolerated.International Journal of Rheumatology 01/2014; 2014:123105. DOI:10.1155/2014/123105
- Turkish journal of rheumatology 06/2013; 28(2):136-140. DOI:10.5606/tjr.2013.2857 · 0.23 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: This review presents research published over the last year examining use of urate-lowering therapy (ULT) as well as trends over time in adherence to this class of agents. Additionally, it explores factors associated with nonadherence to ULTs for chronic gout and interventions to improve chronic gout management. New literature suggests prescriptions of ULTs for prevalent and incident gout patients remains lower than expected based on the burden of the disease in the population. Overall ULT adherence remains suboptimal, in part related to inadequate patient education and copayment costs; although one study demonstrated improvement in adherence over a 15-year study period. Finally, interventions that include patient education and medication titration based on laboratory results successfully lowered serum urate levels to less than 6 mg/dl in the majority of patients. Gout remains a prevalent disease that is poorly managed despite effective treatments. Recent research suggests that ULTs are underutilized and even when prescribed are not well adhered to. Patient-centered interventions that focus on education about pharmacologic therapy and lifestyle modifications with medication titration have resulted in a greater proportion of patients achieving recommended serum urate levels.Current Opinion in Rheumatology 03/2015; 27(2):134-8. DOI:10.1097/BOR.0000000000000141 · 5.07 Impact Factor