Orexin-B-like immunoreactivity localized in both luteinizing hormone- and thyroid-stimulating hormone-containing cells in the Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) pituitary.
ABSTRACT Immunohistochemical techniques were employed to examine orexin-like immunoreactivities in the pituitary of the Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus). Rabbit anti-orexin-A serum and mouse anti-orexin-B monoclonal antibodies were used as primary antibodies. Orexin-B immunoreactive cells corresponded to luteinizing hormone (LH)- or thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH)-containing cells, and all LH- and TSH-containing cells were immunoreactive for orexin-B. However, we found no orexin-A immunoreactive cells in the pituitary. In the Nile tilapia, an orexin-B-like substance may be secreted from LH- or TSH-containing cells and may regulate pituitary function, rather than the orexin-A-like substance in the pituitaries of Japanese seaperch and medaka.
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ABSTRACT: Energy balance plays an important role in the control of reproduction. However, the cellular and molecular mechanisms connecting the two systems are not well understood especially in teleosts. The hypothalamus plays a crucial role in the regulation of both energy balance and reproduction, and contains a number of neuropeptides, including gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH), orexin, neuropeptide-Y, ghrelin, pituitary adenylate cyclase-activating polypeptide, α-melanocyte stimulating hormone, melanin-concentrating hormone, cholecystokinin, 26RFamide, nesfatin, kisspeptin, and gonadotropin-inhibitory hormone. These neuropeptides are involved in the control of energy balance and reproduction either directly or indirectly. On the other hand, synthesis and release of these hypothalamic neuropeptides are regulated by metabolic signals from the gut and the adipose tissue. Furthermore, neurons producing these neuropeptides interact with each other, providing neuronal basis of the link between energy balance and reproduction. This review summarizes the advances made in our understanding of the physiological roles of the hypothalamic neuropeptides in energy balance and reproduction in teleosts, and discusses how they interact with GnRH, kisspeptin, and pituitary gonadotropins to control reproduction in teleosts.Frontiers in Endocrinology 01/2014; 5:36.
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ABSTRACT: We examined orexin-like immunoreactivity in the pituitary of the red-bellied piranha (Pygocentrus nattereri). Orexin-B-immunoreactive (IR) cells corresponded to luteinizing hormone (LH)-containing cells in the pars distalis, and orexin-B-IR fibers corresponded to melanin-concentrating hormone (MCH)-containing fibers in the pars nervosa. In the pars distalis, orexin-B-IR puncta that were also immunoreactive for MCH were observed around the orexin-B-IR cells. In the ventral hypothalamus, orexin-B-IR and MCH-IR neurons were found in the nucleus lateralis tuberis. Immunoelectron-microscopic analysis revealed that the orexin-B-like substance co-localized with LH in secretory granules and with MCH in MCH-containing neurons. Some of the MCH secreted in the pituitary might participate in the modulation of LH secretion from the gonadotrophs, together with orexin-B, leading to food intake by the stimulation of growth hormone secretion from the somatotrophs.Cell and Tissue Research 11/2012; · 3.68 Impact Factor