A practice-based trial of motivational interviewing and adherence in hypertensive African Americans.
ABSTRACT Poor medication adherence is a significant problem in hypertensive African Americans. Although motivational interviewing (MINT) is effective for adoption and maintenance of health behaviors in patients with chronic diseases, its effect on medication adherence remains untested in this population.
This randomized controlled trial tested the effect of a practice-based MINT counseling vs. usual care (UC) on medication adherence and blood pressure (BP) in 190 hypertensive African Americans (88% women; mean age 54 years). Patients were recruited from two community-based primary care practices in New York City. The primary outcome was adherence measured by electronic pill monitors; the secondary outcome was within-patient change in office BP from baseline to 12 months.
Baseline adherence was similar in both groups (56.2 and 56.6% for MINT and UC, respectively, P = 0.94). Based on intent-to-treat analysis using mixed-effects regression, a significant time x group interaction with model-predicted posttreatment adherence rates of 43 and 57% were found in the UC and MINT groups, respectively (P = 0.027), with a between-group difference of 14% (95% confidence interval, -0.2 to -27%). The between-group difference in systolic and diastolic BP was -6.1 mm Hg (P = 0.065) and -1.4 mm Hg (P = 0.465), respectively, in favor of the MINT group.
A practice-based MINT counseling led to steady maintenance of medication adherence over time, compared to significant decline in adherence for UC patients. This effect was associated with a modest, nonsignificant trend toward a net reduction in systolic BP in favor of the MINT group.
European Heart Journal 02/2011; 32(3):264-8. · 10.48 Impact Factor
Article: A practice-based trial of blood pressure control in African Americans (TLC-Clinic): study protocol for a randomized controlled trial.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Poorly controlled hypertension (HTN) remains one of the most significant public health problems in the United States, in terms of morbidity, mortality, and economic burden. Despite compelling evidence supporting the beneficial effects of therapeutic lifestyle changes (TLC) for blood pressure (BP) reduction, the effectiveness of these approaches in primary care practices remains untested, especially among African Americans, who share a disproportionately greater burden of HTN-related outcomes. This randomized controlled trial tests the effectiveness of a practice-based comprehensive therapeutic lifestyle intervention, delivered through group-based counseling and motivational interviewing (MINT-TLC) versus Usual Care (UC) in 200 low-income, African Americans with uncontrolled hypertension. MINT-TLC is designed to help patients make appropriate lifestyle changes and develop skills to maintain these changes long-term. Patients in the MINT-TLC group attend 10 weekly group classes focused on healthy lifestyle changes (intensive phase); followed by 3 monthly individual motivational interviewing (MINT) sessions (maintenance phase). The intervention is delivered by trained research personnel with appropriate treatment fidelity procedures. Patients in the UC condition receive a single individual counseling session on healthy lifestyle changes and print versions of the intervention materials. The primary outcome is within-patient change in both systolic and diastolic BP from baseline to 6 months. In addition to BP control at 6 months, other secondary outcomes include changes in the following lifestyle behaviors from baseline to 6 months: a) physical activity, b) weight loss, c) number of daily servings of fruits and vegetables and d) 24-hour urinary sodium excretion. This vanguard trial will provide information on how to refine MINT-TLC and integrate it into a standard treatment protocol for hypertensive African Americans as a result of the data obtained; thus maximizing the likelihood of its translation into clinical practice. Clinicaltrials.gov NCT01070056.Trials 12/2011; 12:265. · 2.02 Impact Factor