Automated HPLC assay for urinary collagen cross-links: Effect of age, menopause, and metabolic bone diseases

Division of Endocrinology, Diabetes, and Clinical Nutrition, University Hospital, CH-4031 Basel, Switzerland.
Clinical Chemistry (Impact Factor: 7.77). 09/2008; 54(9):1546-53. DOI: 10.1373/clinchem.2008.105262
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT The pyridinium cross-links pyridinoline (PYD) and deoxypyridinoline (DPD) are established markers of bone resorption. We evaluated the analytical and clinical performance of a commercially available PYD HPLC assay and established reference intervals in children and adults.
We used a commercially available reagent set (Chromsystems Instruments & Chemicals) to measure PYD and DPD in 319 healthy controls (156 premenopausal women, 80 healthy men, and 83 healthy children age 1 month to 14 years) and 397 patients with metabolic bone diseases (postmenopausal osteoporosis, n = 175; male osteoporosis, n = 176; hyperparathyroidism, n = 17; hyperthyroidism, n = 19; Paget disease, n = 10).
The mean intraassay and interassay CVs were <6% and <8% for both PYD and DPD, respectively. The reference interval was constant for premenopausal women in the age group 20-49 years. In men, cross-link values peaked at 20-29 years and decreased thereafter. Women with postmenopausal osteoporosis had significantly higher PYD (51%) and DPD (58%) values compared to premenopausal women. Similar results were found in osteoporotic men. In children the highest values were found in the first weeks and months after birth, followed by a decrease of 50%-60% at age 11-14 years. In metabolic bone diseases cross-link concentrations were significantly increased. The DPD:PYD ratio (mean value approximately 0.2) was remarkably constant in all populations evaluated.
The automated HPLC assay is a precise and convenient method for PYD and DPD measurement. We established reference intervals for adult women and men and for children up to 14 years old. The cross-link concentrations we determined by use of this HPLC method confirm its clinical value in enabling identification of increased bone resorption in patients with metabolic bone diseases.

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The kyphoscoliotic type of the Ehlers-Danlos syndrome (EDS VIA) is a rare recessively inherited connective tissue disorder characterized by bruisable, hyperextensible skin, generalized joint laxity, severe muscular hypotonia at birth and progressive congenital scoliosis or kyphosis. Deficiency of the enzyme lysyl hydroxylase 1 (LH1) due to mutations in PLOD1 results in underhydroxylation of collagen lysyl residues and, hence, in the abnormal formation of collagen cross-links. Here, we report on the clinical, biochemical, and molecular findings in six Egyptian patients from four unrelated families severely affected with EDS VIA. In addition to the frequently reported p.Glu326_Lys585dup, we identified two novel sequence variants p.Gln208* and p.Tyr675*, which lead either to loss of function of LH1 or to its deficiency. All affected children presented with similar clinical features of the disorder, and in addition, several dysmorphic craniofacial features, not yet described in EDS VIA. These were specific for the affected individuals of each family, but absent in their parents and their unaffected siblings. Conclusion: Our description of six patients presenting with a homogeneous clinical phenotype and dysmorphic craniofacial features will help pediatricians in the diagnosis of this rare disorder.
    European Journal of Pediatrics 10/2014; 174(1). DOI:10.1007/s00431-014-2429-9 · 1.98 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The reference values for bone turnover markers (BTMs) have a significant role in the diagnosis, monitoring, and treatment of metabolic bone disease. This study proposes that the peak value of bone mineral density and the trough value for the BTM curve can be used to determine the reference range of BTM. The aim of this study is to determine the reference intervals of BTMs for adult females in China with an attempt to reference the peak bone mineral density (BMD) with the corresponding BTM valley. This study included 546 premenopausal and 394 postmenopausal women. The levels of several BTMs were determined, and the BMD was measured using a dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry. The BTMs of postmenopausal women were 17-96 % higher than premenopausal women. The change of BTM with age presented an optimal goodness-of-fit according to the cubic regression model (R (2) = 0.074-0.346, all P = 0.000). All kinds of BTM levels were positively correlated with age in premenopausal women aged 27-56 years old (r = 0.167-0.502, P = 0.023-0.000). Except for uCTX, the BTM reference value determined using a curve-fitting valley was significantly lower than the reference values for premenopausal women. The BTM reference values determined in this study were also significantly different from the reference values given by the manufacturers of the reagents used. This study found that the changes of level with age of BTMs in Chinese women present an optimal goodness-of-fit according to the cubic regression model. The fitting valley corresponds to the BMD fitting peak and may possibly be an effective means of determining the BTM reference intervals.
    Osteoporosis International 07/2013; DOI:10.1007/s00198-013-2439-x · 4.04 Impact Factor
  • Source
    Neuropediatrics 04/2012; 43(02). DOI:10.1055/s-0032-1307058 · 1.10 Impact Factor

Full-text (2 Sources)

Available from
Jun 5, 2014