Intraoperative PTH monitoring during parathyroidectomy: the need for stricter criteria to detect multiglandular disease
ABSTRACT Usefulness of rapid intraoperative parathyroid hormone assay (RI-PTH) for diagnosis of multiglandular disease during parathyroidectomy is still debated.
Two hundred seven patients were selected for focused parathyroidectomy for a suspicious single adenoma. RI-PTH results were interpreted on the basis of our criteria for prediction of multiglandular disease (a < 50% drop from the highest pre-excision level and/or a T20 concentration higher than reference range and/or >7.5 ng/L higher than the T10). The results of these criteria were compared with the Miami Criterion (MC).
One hundred ninety-seven uniglandular disease and ten multiglandular disease were found. Our criteria identified all but one patient with multiglandular disease (false positive (FP) rate 0.5%; specificity 90%). On the basis of MC, RI-PTH monitoring would have resulted in five FP results, with a specificity of 50%.
Despite the higher rate of unnecessary bilateral exploration, our criteria results in a lower FP, markedly reducing the risk of missing multiglandular disease.
SourceAvailable from: Carlo Biagini[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Objective: The surgical management of primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT) has undergone considerable advances over the past two decades. The purpose of this report is to review these advances. Participants: This subgroup was constituted by the Steering Committee of the Fourth International Workshop on the Management of Asymptomatic Primary Hyperparathyroidism to address key questions related to the surgical management of PHPT. Evidence: Data since the last International Workshop were presented and discussed in detail. The topics included improvements in preoperative imaging, intraoperative adjuncts, refinements in local and regional anesthesia, and rapid intraoperative PTH assays. Consensus Process: Questions were developed by the International Task Force on PHPT. A comprehensive literature search for relevant studies was undertaken. After extensive review and discussion, the subgroup agreed on what recommendations should be made to the Expert Panel regarding surgical approaches to parathyroidectomy. Conclusions: 1) All patients with PHPT who meet surgical criteria should be referred to an experienced endocrine surgeon to discuss the risks, benefits, and potential complications of surgery. 2) Patients who do not meet surgical criteria and in whom there are no medical contraindications to surgery may request a visit with an experienced endocrine surgeon. Alternatively, a multidisciplinary endocrine conference with surgeon involvement could be employed to address all relevant issues. 3) Imaging is not a diagnostic procedure; it is a localization procedure to help the surgeon optimize the operative plan. 4) The frequency of hereditary forms of PHPT may be underappreciated and needs to be assessed with increased vigilance. And 5) surgery is likely to benefit patients due to high cure rates, low complication rates, and the likelihood of reversing skeletal manifestations.Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism 08/2014; 99(10):jc20142000. DOI:10.1210/jc.2014-2000 · 6.31 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The intraoperative parathyroid hormone (IOPTH) assay is widely used in patients with primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT). We investigated the usefulness of the IOPTH assay in Korean patients with PHPT.05/2014; 29(4). DOI:10.3803/EnM.2014.29.4.464
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ABSTRACT: Intraoperative intact parathyroid hormone (iPTH) monitoring has been accepted by many centers specializing in parathyroid surgery as a useful adjunct during surgery for primary hyperparathyroidism. This method can be utilized in three discreet modes of application: (I) to guide surgical decisions during parathyroidectomy in one of the following clinical contexts: (i) to confirm complete removal of all hyperfunctioning parathyroid tissue, which allows for termination of surgery with confidence that the hyperparathyroid state has been successfully corrected; (ii) to identify patients with additional hyperfunctioning parathyroid tissue following the incomplete removal of diseased parathyroid/s, which necessitates extended neck exploration in order to minimize the risk of operative failure; (II) to differentiate parathyroid from non-parathyroid tissue by iPTH measurement in the fine-needle aspiration washout; (III) to lateralize the side of the neck harboring hyperfunctioning parathyroid tissue by determination of jugular venous gradient in patients with negative or discordant preoperative imaging studies, in order to increase the number of patients eligible for unilateral neck exploration. There are many advantages of minimally invasive parathyroidectomy guided by intraoperative iPTH monitoring, including focused dissection in order to remove the image-indexed parathyroid adenoma with a similar or even higher operative success rate, lower prevalence of complications and shorter operative time when compared to conventional bilateral neck exploration. However, to achieve such excellent results, the surgeon needs to be aware of hormone dynamics during parathyroidectomy and carefully choose the protocol and interpretation criteria that best fit the individual practice. Understanding the nuances of intraoperative iPTH monitoring allows the surgeon for achieving intraoperative confidence in predicting operative success and preventing failure in cases of unsuspected multiglandular disease, while safely limiting neck exploration in the majority of patients with sporadic primary hyperparathyroidism. Thus, parathyroidectomy guided by intraoperative iPTH monitoring for the management of sporadic primary hyperparathyroidism is an ideal option for the treatment of this disease entity. However, the cost-benefit aspects of the standard application of this method still remain a matter of controversy.