Amyloid precursor protein trafficking, processing, and function.

Department of Neurobiology, The University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois 60637, USA.
Journal of Biological Chemistry (Impact Factor: 4.6). 10/2008; 283(44):29615-9. DOI: 10.1074/jbc.R800019200
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Intracellular trafficking and proteolytic processing of amyloid precursor protein (APP) have been the focus of numerous investigations over the past two decades. APP is the precursor to the amyloid beta-protein (Abeta), the 38-43-amino acid residue peptide that is at the heart of the amyloid cascade hypothesis of Alzheimer disease (AD). Tremendous progress has been made since the initial identification of Abeta as the principal component of brain senile plaques of individuals with AD. Specifically, molecular characterization of the secretases involved in Abeta production has facilitated cell biological investigations on APP processing and advanced efforts to model AD pathogenesis in animal models. This minireview summarizes salient features of APP trafficking and amyloidogenic processing and discusses the putative biological functions of APP.

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