Mutations at position 7445 in the precursor of mitochondrial tRNA(Ser(UCN)) gene in three maternal Chinese pedigrees with sensorineural hearing loss.
ABSTRACT We report here the clinical, genetic and molecular characterization of three Chinese pedigrees with nonsyndromic bilateral hearing loss. Clinical and genetic evaluations revealed the variable severity and age-of-onset in hearing impairment in these families. Strikingly, there were extremely low penetrances of hearing impairment in these Chinese families. Sequence analysis of the complete mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) showed the known A7445C mutation in two pedigrees and the novel A7445T mutation in another pedigree, in addition to distinct sets of mtDNA polymorphisms belong to Asian haplogroups D4j and F4. Indeed, the A7445C or A7445T mutation in the CO1 and the precursor of tRNA(Ser(UCN)) genes was present in homoplasmy only in the maternal lineage of those pedigrees but not other members of these families and 164 Chinese controls. In fact, the A7445C or A7445T mutation results in a read-through of the stop condon AGA of the CO1 message on the H strand of mtDNA, thereby adding three amino acids (Ser-Gln-Lys) to the C-terminal of the polypeptide. However, the mutated polypeptide may retain a partial function. Alternatively, the A7445C or A7445T mutation is adjacent to the site of 3' end endonucleolytic processing of L-strand RNA precursor, spanning tRNA(Ser(UCN)) and ND6 mRNA. Thus, the A7445C or A7445T mutation may also cause a defect in the processing of the L-strand RNA precursor, thus causing mitochondrial dysfunctions. Furthermore, the occurrence of the mutations at position 7445 in these genetically unrelated subjects affected by hearing impairment strongly indicates that mutations at the position 7445 are involved in the pathogenesis of hearing impairment.
Article: Maternally inherited hearing loss is associated with the novel mitochondrial tRNA Ser(UCN) 7505T>C mutation in a Han Chinese family.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Mutations in mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) have been found to be one of the most important causes of sensorineural hearing loss. We report here a clinical, genetic, molecular and biochemical characterization of a Han Chinese pedigree with maternally transmitted nonsyndromic hearing impairment. Seven of nine matrilineal relatives exhibited a variable severity and age-at-onset (8 years old) of hearing loss. Mutational analysis of mtDNA identified the novel homoplasmic tRNA(Ser(UCN)) 7505T>C mutation and other 37 variants belonging to haplogroup F1. The 7505T>C mutation, which is absent in 449 Chinese controls, is located at a highly conserved base-pairing (10A-20U) of tRNA(Ser(UCN)). The abolishment of 10A-20U base-pairing likely alters the tRNA(Ser(UCN)) metabolism. Functional significant of this mutation was supported by approximately 65% reductions in the level of tRNA(Ser(UCN)) observed in the lymphoblastoid cell lines carrying the 7505T>C mutation, compared with the wild-type cell lines. This reduced tRNA level is below the proposed threshold to support a normal respiration in lymphoblastoid cells. Furthermore, the highly conserved tRNA(Ala) 5587T>C and Cytb C93Y variants may have a modifying role of deafness expression associated with the 7505T>C mutation. However, genotyping analysis of nuclear modifier gene TRMU and the prominent deafness-cause gene GJB2 failed to detect any mutations in the member of this family. These data strongly indicate that the novel tRNA(Ser(UCN)) 7505T>C mutation is involved in maternally transmitted hearing loss. However, other genetic, epigenetic or environmental factors may contribute to the phenotypic variability of this family. Our findings will be helpful for counseling families of maternally inherited hearing loss.Molecular Genetics and Metabolism 01/2010; 100(1):57-64. · 3.19 Impact Factor
Article: Mitochondrial haplogroup M9a specific variant ND1 T3394C may have a modifying role in the phenotypic expression of the LHON-associated ND4 G11778A mutation.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: We report here the clinical, genetic and molecular characterization of four Han Chinese families with Leber's hereditary optic neuropathy (LHON). The penetrances of optic neuropathy in these Chinese pedigrees were 38%, 38%, 44% and 56%. This observation is in contrast with the previously identified 14 Chinese families with very low penetrance of LHON. The age-at-onset for visual impairment in matrilineal relatives in these Chinese families varied from 18 to 30years. Furthermore, the ratios between affected male and female matrilineal relatives in these families were 3:0, 3:0, 3:1 and 2:3, respectively. Molecular analysis of mitochondrial genomes identified the known ND4 G11778A mutation and distinct sets of variants belonging to the Asian haplogroups M9a. Of these, the ND1 T3394C mutation caused the substitution of a highly conserved histidine for tyrosine (Y30H) at amino acid position 30. This mutation was associated with LHON in other families with low penetrance of optic neuropathy and other clinical abnormalities. The presence of both G11778A and T3394C mutations appears to contribute to higher penetrance of optic neuropathy in these four Chinese families than other Chinese families carrying only the G11778A mutation. Therefore, the mitochondrial haplogroup M9a specific variant T3394C may modulate the phenotypic manifestation of LHON-associated G11778A mutation in these Chinese pedigrees.Molecular Genetics and Metabolism 101(2-3):192-9. · 3.19 Impact Factor