Esophageal varices and early esophageal cancer: can we perform endoscopic mucosal resection (EMR)?

Hépatogastroentérologie, Hôpital Edouard Herriot, Lyon, France.
Endoscopy (Impact Factor: 5.05). 09/2008; 40 Suppl 2(S 02):E91. DOI: 10.1055/s-2007-995571
Source: PubMed
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    ABSTRACT: Currently, there is little report of treatment strategy for early gastric cancer (EGC) on gastric fundal varices (GFVs), because controlling GFVs was more challenging than controlling gastric cardiac varices associated with esophageal varices. We first report effective endoscopic treatment of EGC on GFVs of a 77-year-old man with Child-B cirrhosis. Endoscopic ultrasound and multidetector-row computed tomography studies revealed intramucosal EGC on variceal components, supplied from posterior gastric vein and drained to subphrenic vein without gastrorenal shunt. With informed consent, we performed endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) after eradication of GFVs by endoscopic injection sclerotherapy (EIS). Histologic assessment revealed curability of ESD and inflammation and fibrosis around EIS site. Thereafter, no recurrence and complication had occurred. To avoid life-threatening bleeding from GFVs, we achieved complete resection by ESD under direct visualization of submucosa after eradication of GFVs by EIS based on the examination of hemodynamics and local relationship between EGC and GFVs.
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    ABSTRACT: Endoscopic treatment of Barrett's oesophagus leading to high grade dysplasia with oesophageal varices may lead to bleeding complications. Estimate effectiveness of endoscopic band-ligation in oesophageal varices patients treated for high grade dysplasia, and compare to endoscopically treated non-oesophageal varices high grade dysplasia patients. Retrospective comparative study. All 8 high grade dysplasia patients with varices who were treated initially with band-ligation at Mayo Clinic between 8/1/1999 and 2/28/2014 were compared with reference group of 52 high grade dysplasia patients treated endoscopically. One high grade dysplasia patients patient with oesophageal varices (12.5%) achieved complete remission of intestinal metaplasia defined by at least one followup endoscopy with normal biopsies, and 3 (37.5%) achieved complete remission of dysplasia defined by at least one followup endoscopy with non-dysplastic biopsies. 39 (75.0%) endomucosal resection/radiofrequency ablation patients experienced at least one followup endoscopy with normal biopsies, and 49 (94.2%) experienced non-dysplastic biopsies. Both of these endpoints occurred significantly more often in the endomucosal resection/radiofrequency ablation group compared to the high grade dysplasia with oesophageal varices group (p=0.016 and p=0.025, respectively). High grade dysplastic Barrett's can be safely managed with band-ligation. However, resolution of Barrett's epithelium is rarely achieved with banding alone. Copyright © 2015 Editrice Gastroenterologica Italiana S.r.l. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
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