Complications to thyroid surgery: results as reported in a database from a multicenter audit comprising 3,660 patients.
ABSTRACT During recent years, more radical surgery for thyroid disease, i.e., total instead of subtotal resection, has been evident. Results following this strategy on national levels are scarce.
From 2004 to 2006, 26 Scandinavian Departments registered 3,660 thyroid operations in a database. Risk factors for complications were analyzed with multiple logistic regression.
After thyroidectomy, re-bleeding occurred in 2.1% and was associated with older age (OR 1.04; p < 0.0001) and male gender (OR 1.90; p = 0.014). Postoperative infection occurred in 1.6% and associated with lymph node operation (OR 8.18; p < 0.0001). Postoperative unilateral paresis of the recurrent laryngeal nerve was diagnosed 3.9% and bilateral paresis in 0.2%. Unilateral paresis was associated with older age, intrathoracic goiter, thyreotoxicosis, and if routine laryngoscopy was practiced (OR 1.92; p = 0.0002). After 6 months, the incidence of nerve paresis was 0.97%. After bilateral thyroid surgery (n = 1,648), hypocalcaemia treated with vitamin D analogue occurred in 9.9% of the patients at the first follow-up and in 4.4% after 6 months.
Complications to thyroid surgery are not uncommon. The high frequency of hypocalcaemia treated with vitamin D after 6 months is a cause of concern.
- Endocrine. 08/2014;
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ABSTRACT: The most common complications after thyroidectomy are injuries associated with the recurrent laryngeal nerve and parathyroid gland. Cervical esophagus perforation is an exceptionally rare complication after thyroidectomy; it can usually be resolved by conservative care. Cervical esophageal stenosis secondary to intraoperative esophageal injury during thyroidectomy is much rarer and has not been reported in the literature to date. We report a case of esophageal stenosis following thyroidectomy performed at a peripheral hospital. The patient initially underwent a thyroidectomy for papillary thyroid carcinoma involving the cervical esophagus; esophageal perforation was noted intraoperatively, and closed using three number 4 silk sutures. Cervical esophageal stenosis subsequently developed after conservative care. The patient was successfully treated with cervical esophagectomy and reconstruction using a tubed forearm free flap after a failed attempt at endoscopic recanalization. This case is discussed in conjunction with a review of the literature.World Journal of Surgical Oncology 10/2014; 12(1):308. · 1.20 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: As the highly blood flow of thyroid gland post-thyroidectomy bleeding (PTB) is a serious and life-threatening complication. Our aim was to investigate factors that influenced bleeding after thyroidectomy. Between February 2008 and September 2012, the data of 4449 consecutive patients with thyroid diseases undergoing thyroidectomy were collected and analysed from the department of surgical oncology retrospectively. During the study period, 88 (2.0%) patients were identified to have clinically PTB. 6 risk factors were significantly related to PTB: gender (OR 3.243; 95% CI 2.078-5.061; P < 0.001), age (OR 1.025; 95% CI 1.006-1.043; P = 0.009), tumor size (OR 4.495; 95% CI 2.462-8.208; P < 0.001), postoperative hypertension (OR 2.195; 95% CI 1.006-1.043; P = 0.035), lymph node dissection (OR 3.384; 95% CI 2.146-5.339; P < 0.001) and Graves' disease (OR 3.744; 95% CI 1.920-7.303; P < 0.001). We addressed the most common explicit source of bleeding by reexploration: infrahyoid muscles (30/88), beside the laryngeal recurrent nerve (22/88), subcutaneous tissue (10/88) and superior pole (10/88). In our study, male gender, older age, tumor size > 3 cm, postoperative hypertension (SP > 150 mmHg), lymph node dissection and Graves' disease were independent risk factors for PTB. The sources of bleeding were identified more frequently in the infrahyoid muscles and beside the laryngeal recurrent nerve. It is helpful for surgeons to decide the potential bleeding points during the reexploration of PTB.International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Medicine 01/2014; 7(7):1837-44. · 1.42 Impact Factor