Trachycladindoles A-G: cytotoxic heterocycles from an Australian marine sponge, Trachycladus laevispirulifer.
ABSTRACT A southern Australian marine sponge, Trachycladus laevispirulifer, yielded the cytotoxic agents trachycladindoles A-G (1-7) as a selection of novel indole-2-carboxylic acids bearing a 2-amino-4,5-dihydroimidazole moiety. The trachycladindoles displayed promising selective cytotoxicity against a panel of human cancer cell lines and their structures were assigned on the basis of detailed spectroscopic analysis. Preliminary structure activity relationship (SAR) investigations by co-metabolite defined structural features key to the trachycladindole pharmacophore, highlighting an unusual bioactive molecular motif deserving of future investigation.
- Aust. J. Chem. 01/2010; 63:873-876.
Article: Marine natural products.[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: This review covers the literature published in 2007 for marine natural products, with 948 citations(627 for the period January to December 2007) referring to compounds isolated from marine microorganisms and phytoplankton, green algae, brown algae, red algae, sponges, cnidarians,bryozoans, molluscs, tunicates, echinoderms and true mangrove plants. The emphasis is on new compounds (961 for 2007), together with the relevant biological activities, source organisms and country of origin. Biosynthetic studies, first syntheses, and syntheses that lead to the revision of structures or stereochemistries, have been included.1 Introduction, 2 Reviews, 3 Marine microorganisms and phytoplankton, 4 Green algae, 5 Brown algae, 6 Red algae, 7 Sponges, 8 Cnidarians, 9 Bryozoans, 10 Molluscs, 11 Tunicates (ascidians),12 Echinoderms, 13 Miscellaneous, 14 Conclusion, 15 References.Natural Product Reports 03/2009; 26(2):170-244. · 10.18 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Studies on the natural product, novobiocin, have elucidated specific modifications that increase Hsp90 inhibition. Through diversification of the sugar appendage, coumarin core and benzamide side chain of novobiocin, structurally unique scaffolds have been synthesized. These structural adaptations have produced potent cytotoxic agents, such as KU135, which are prepared more simply than those that contain the noviose sugar. These analogues have been evaluated against two cancer cell lines and demonstrated low micromolar anti-proliferative activity.Medicinal Chemistry Communication 01/2010; 1(2). · 2.72 Impact Factor