The informed consent status for surgery patients in eastern Turkey: a cross-sectional study.
ABSTRACT This study assesses the quality of the informed consent process and satisfaction with the informed consent process, for surgery patients in Turkey. Four hundred and eighty three patients were interviewed after their surgeries. More than half of the patients were satisfied with the information on eight issues that pertained to the informed consent process. A majority of patients (91 per cent) were satisfied with the information regarding why an operation necessary. However, only 205 of 483 patients(42 per cent) indicated that they had received sufficient information on the potential side effects and complications of surgery. Patients' educational level and the type of surgery--urgent or elective--were associated with the satisfaction status.
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ABSTRACT: Introduction: Informed consent constitutes one of the most important legal, professional, and ethical principles of a surgical operation. Consent obtained from a patient is only valid when the patient has received enough information regarding the proposed treatment option. This study aims to determine how much the patients are informed before undergoing surgery, as well as the factors influencing it in hospitals affiliated with Tehran University of Medical Sciences.Method: This is a cross-sectional, descriptive-analytic study of 300 patients undergoing surgery in 7 teaching hospitals affiliated with Tehran University of Medical Sciences. The patients were recruited through clustered sampling. Data were collected using a questionnaire completed by interview. Data were analyzed on SPSS software using descriptive and inferential statistics.Result: The mean score of data provision for patients was 27.09 out of 60, indicating the level of information provided as unacceptable. Among 12 questions dealing with data provision, patients had received an intermediate level of information about nature of the disease, type of surgery, benefits and importance of the surgery, and complications of rejecting the recommended therapy. On the contrary, they had not received enough information about the surgical procedure, type of anesthesia, potential complications of surgery, potential risks of surgery, other therapy options instead of surgery, length of hospital stay for surgery, postsurgical follow-up, and expenses of the surgery. In the majority (85%) of cases, the surgeon was reported to be the information provider. Among the variables studied, level of information received was directly related to the patient's education level.Discussion: The findings of this study indicate that during the process of obtaining an informed consent for surgery, patients do not receive sufficient information, and it is necessary to provide the essential information in an understandable manner adjusted for the patient's level of education.Nursing Ethics 10/2013; · 1.09 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: We conducted a review of informed consent studies involving surgical and invasive procedures and report the degree to which current research targets a broader scope of patient outcomes beyond comprehension. Using PubMed, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature, and Excerpta Medical Database, we identified 97 articles for review. Six members coded articles and generated scores of study design quality. The mean quality score (10.7 out of a total score of 20) was low. Most studies were single institution-based, relying on one-time data collections. Randomly assigning subjects to study conditions, using power analysis to determine subject numbers, and reporting psychometric evidence, such as reliability and validity, were not widely reported. Most frequently targeted patient outcomes were knowledge, understanding and satisfaction. Core informed consent outcomes (e.g. capacity, voluntariness, decision making) and emotional factors (e.g. anxiety) were not extensively addressed. Informed consent research may benefit from applying qualitative methods to more directly tap into patients' beliefs and decisions by eliciting in patients' own words their emotions and reasoning around processing informed consent content. Research that addresses patient perspectives toward surgical interventions should tap into underexplored ethical and emotional factors that shape decision making.Patient Education and Counseling 08/2013; · 2.60 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Competence is a prerequisite for informed consent. Patients who are found to be competent are entitled to accept or refuse the proposed treatment. In recent years, there has been an increased interest in studies examining competence for treatment in psychiatric patients. In this study, we aimed to investigate the decision-making competencies of inpatients with a range of psychiatric diseases. This study was carried out at the psychiatry clinic of Kocaeli University Hospital in Turkey from June 2007 to February 2008. Decision-making competence was assessed in 83 patients using the MacArthur Competence Assessment Tool-Treatment (MacCAT-T). The study groups consisted of patients with mood (39.8%), psychotic (27.7%) and anxiety disorders (18.1%), and alcohol/substance addiction (14.5%). There was a significant relation between decision-making competence and demographic and clinical characteristics. Appreciation of the given information was more impaired in psychotic disorder patients than in other patients, but understanding and reasoning of the given information was similar in all groups. These results reveal the importance of evaluating decision-making competencies of psychiatric patients before any treatment or intervention is carried out to ascertain their ability to give informed consent to treatment. Institutional and national policies need to be determined and put into practice relating to the assessment and management of competence in patients with psychiatric disorders.Asia-Pacific Psychiatry 03/2013; 5(1):E9-E18. · 0.47 Impact Factor