Interaction and functional interference of glucocorticoid receptor and SOCS1.
ABSTRACT Cytokine and glucocorticoid (GC) hormone signaling act in an integrated fashion to control inflammation and immune response. Here we establish a new mode of interaction of these two pathways and propose Suppressor of Cytokine Signaling (SOCS)-1 as an essential player in mediating cross-talk. We observed that glucocorticoid receptor (GR) and SOCS1 form an intracellular complex through an interaction, which required the SH2 domain of SOCS1 and the ligand binding domain of GR. Furthermore, GC stimulation was found to increase the nuclear level of SOCS1. SOCS1 binding to the GR did not require ligand binding of the receptor; however, it was abolished after long term GC stimulation, suggesting a functional role of the interaction for the early phase of GC action. The interaction between GR and SOCS1 appeared to negatively influence the transcription of the two GR-regulated genes, FKBP5 and MKP1, because the GC-dependent expression of these genes was inhibited by the SOCS1 inducer IFNgamma and enhanced in SOCS1-deficient murine embryonic fibroblasts as compared with IFNgamma treated wild-type cells. Our results suggest a prominent role of SOCS1 in the early phase of cross-talk between GR and cytokine signaling.
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ABSTRACT: The function of steroid receptors is not only regulated by steroid hormones, but also by multiple cellular signaling cascades activated by membrane-bound receptors which are stimulated by growth factors or cytokines. Cross-talk between JAK and steroid receptors plays a central role in the regulation of a multitude of physiological processes and aberrant signaling is involved in the development of numerous diseases including cancer. In this review we provide a brief summary of the knowledge of interactions between JAK and the function of steroid receptors in normal cells and tissues and in diseases.JAK-STAT. 10/2013; 2(4):e24911.
- 03/2012; , ISBN: 978-953-51-0102-4
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ABSTRACT: Suppressor of cytokine signaling (SOCS) 1 plays a crucial role in the immune response and might contribute to the prognoses of liver failure treated with glucocorticoid. We recruited 47 acute-on-chronic hepatitis B liver failure (ACHBLF) patients receiving glucocorticoid treatment and 30 healthy controls to determine the potential effects of glucocorticoid on the transcriptional level of SOCS1 in peripheral blood mononuclear cells. On the third and twenty-eighth days of glucocorticoid treatment, SOCS1 expression was negatively correlated with model for end-stage liver disease (MELD) score. Interleukin-6 (IL-6) and tumor-necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) levels were statistically lower, while the SOCS1 transcription level was higher in survivors than non-survivors both in pre- and post-treatment ACHBLF patients. The methylation rate of the SOCS1 promoter in ACHBLF patients was higher than in healthy control patients as determined by methylation-specific polymerase chain reaction. The mRNA level of SOCS1 in methylated promoters was significantly lower than from patients with unmethylated SOCS1 promoters. interferon (IFN)-γ-responsive and STAT1-dependent gene expression was higher in survivors and was dramatically decreased with rising expression of SOCS1 after glucocorticoid treatment. Mortality rates were significantly higher in methylated patients than for those without methylation at the end of a 90-day follow-up. Furthermore, we found that five in six surviving patients displayed demethylated SOCS1 on the twenty-eighth day after treatment, while that number was 3 in 10 in the non-survivors. These findings suggested that ACHBLF patients without SOCS1 methylation may have a favorable response to corticosteroid treatment.Cellular & Molecular Immunology advance online publication, 14 April 2014; doi:10.1038/cmi.2014.23.Cellular & molecular immunology 04/2014; · 3.42 Impact Factor