Troponins and natriuretic peptides in the monitoring of anthracycline cardiotoxicity.
ABSTRACT Anthracycline-related cardiotoxicity has a substantial negative impact on long-term survivors of childhood cancer. The detection of cardiotoxicity is currently based on echocardiography or radionuclide angiography. However, as they depict only the final outcome of myocardial injury in terms of reduced heart contractility, heart specific biomarkers of myocardial destruction or dysfunction could be advantageous by allowing for an earlier detection of cardiotoxicity. In the present study, the usefulness of cardiac troponins and natriuretic peptides, the most commonly used biomarkers of myocardial destruction and ventricular dysfunction respectively, to detect and to predict the development of anthracycline cardiotoxicity has been reviewed.
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ABSTRACT: The aim was to evaluate the role of the combination of olmesartan, an angiotensin II (Ang II) receptor blocker (ARB), with daunorubicin (DNR) in reducing cardiac toxicity in rats. DNR was administered at a dose of 3 mg/kg/day every other day for 12 days. Olmesartan was administered orally every day for 12 days. Rats treated with DNR alone showed cardiac toxicity as evidenced by worsening cardiac function, elevation of malondialdehyde level in heart tissue and decreased in the level of total glutathione peroxidase activity; treatment with ARB reversed these changes. Furthermore, ARB treatment down-regulated matrix metalloproteinase-2 expression, myocardial expression of Ang II, attenuated the increased protein expressions of p67phox and Nox4 and reduced oxidative stress-induced DNA damage evaluated by expression of 8-hydroxydeoxyguanosine. In conclusion, the result demonstrated that Ang II and oxidative stress play a key role in anthracycline-induced cardiotoxicity and that treatment with ARB will be beneficial against DNR-induced cardiotoxicity.Free Radical Research 11/2010; 44(11):1369-77. · 3.28 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Studies have suggested that angiotensin receptor blockers may exert a protective role towards doxorubicin-induced cardiotoxicity, but they have not been extensively investigated in this area. We therefore investigated whether the co-treatment of telmisartan, an angiotensin (Ang II) type-1 receptor blocker, might offer protection against daunorubicin cardiotoxic properties in rats. Daunorubicin was administered at 3 mg/kg/day every other day for 12 days. Telmisartan was administered orally every day for 12 days. Daunorubicin-treated rats showed cardiac toxicity, evidenced by worsening cardiac function, evaluated by haemodynamic status and echocardiography, elevation of malondialdehyde level and a decreased level of total glutathione peroxidase activity in the heart tissue. These changes were reversed by treatment with telmisartan. Furthermore, telmisartan also downregulated matrix metalloproteinase-2 expression, attenuated the increased protein expression of p22(phox), p47(phox), p67(phox), nuclear factor kappa B and Nox4 in heart tissue, and reduced oxidative-stress-induced DNA damage, which was evaluated by the expression of 8-hydroxydeoxyguanosine. Moreover, telmisartan reduced the myocardial apoptosis induced by daunorubicin. The present study indicates that telmisartan may improve cardiac function by inhibiting the action of Ang II via AT-1R, which reverses oxidative stress and myocardial apoptosis. This suggests a beneficial effect of telmisartan treatment in the prevention of daunorubicin-induced cardiotoxicity.The Journal of pharmacy and pharmacology. 12/2010; 62(12):1776-83.
- Journal of the American College of Cardiology 12/2012; 60(23):2427–2463. · 14.09 Impact Factor