Article

Adsorption of simple fluid on silica surface and nanopore: effect of surface chemistry and pore shape.

Institut Charles Gerhardt Montpellier, CNRS (UMR 5253) and Université Montpellier 2, Montpellier, France.
Langmuir (Impact Factor: 4.38). 07/2008; 24(14):7285-93. DOI: 10.1021/la800567g
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT This paper reports a molecular simulation study on the adsorption of simple fluids (argon at 77 K) on hydroxylated silica surfaces and nanopores. The effect of surface chemistry is addressed by considering substrates with either partially or fully hydroxylated surfaces. We also investigate the effect of pore shape on adsorption and capillary condensation by comparing the results for cylindrical and hexagonal nanopores having equivalent sections (i.e., equal section areas). Due to the increase in the polarity of the surface with the density of OH groups, the adsorbed amounts for fully hydroxylated surfaces are found to be larger than those for partially hydroxylated surfaces. Both the adsorption isotherms for the cylindrical and hexagonal pores conform to the typical behavior observed in the experiments for adsorption/condensation in cylindrical nanopores MCM-41. Capillary condensation occurs through an irreversible discontinuous transition between the partially filled and the completely filled configurations, while evaporation occurs through the displacement at equilibrium of a hemispherical meniscus along the pore axis. Our data are also used to discuss the effect of surface chemistry and pore shape on the BET method. The BET surface for fully hydroxylated surfaces is much larger (by 10-20%) than the true geometrical surface. In contrast, the BET surface significantly underestimates the true surface when partially hydroxylated surfaces are considered. These results suggest that the surface chemistry and the choice of the system adsorbate/adsorbent is crucial in determining the surface area of solids using the BET method.

0 Bookmarks
 · 
189 Views
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Motivated by the puzzle of sorption hysteresis in Portland cement concrete or cement paste, we develop in Part II of this study a general theory of vapor sorption and desorption from nanoporous solids, which attributes hysteresis to hindered molecular condensation with attractive lateral interactions. The classical mean-field theory of van der Waals is applied to predict the dependence of hysteresis on temperature and pore size, using the regular solution model and gradient energy of Cahn and Hilliard. A simple "hierarchical wetting" model for thin nanopores is developed to describe the case of strong wetting by the first monolayer, followed by condensation of nanodroplets and nanobubbles in the bulk. The model predicts a larger hysteresis critical temperature and enhanced hysteresis for molecular condensation across nanopores at high vapor pressure than within monolayers at low vapor pressure. For heterogeneous pores, the theory predicts sorption/desorption sequences similar to those seen in molecular dynamics simulations, where the interfacial energy (or gradient penalty) at nanopore junctions acts as a free energy barrier for snap-through instabilities. The model helps to quantitatively understand recent experimental data for concrete or cement paste wetting and drying cycles and suggests new experiments at different temperatures and humidity sweep rates.
    Journal of the Mechanics and Physics of Solids 11/2011; 60(9). · 3.41 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Hysteresis in capillary condensation is important for the fundamental study and application of porous materials, and yet experiments on porous materials are sometimes difficult to interpret because of the many interactions and complex solid structures involved in the condensation and evaporation processes. Here we make an overview of the significant progress in understanding capillary condensation and hysteresis phenomena in mesopores that have followed from experiment and simulation applied to highly ordered mesoporous materials such as MCM-41 and SBA-15 over the last few decades.
    Advances in colloid and interface science 09/2011; 169(1):40-58. · 5.68 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: This review presents the state of the art of molecular simulation and theory of adsorption, intrusion and freezing in porous silica. Both silica pores of a simple geometry and disordered porous silicas which exhibit morphological and topological disorders are considered. We provide a brief description of the numerical models of porous silicas available in the literature and present the most common molecular simulation and theoretical methods. Adsorption in regular and irregular pores is discussed in the light of classical theories of adsorption and capillary condensation in pores. We also present the different evaporation mechanisms for disordered systems: pore blocking and cavitation. The criticality of fluids confined in pores, which is still the matter of debate, is then discussed. We review theoretical results for intrusion/extrusion and freezing in silica pores and discuss the validity of classical approaches such as the Washburn-Laplace equation and Gibbs-Thomson equation to describe the thermodynamics of intrusion and in-pore freezing. The validity of the most widely used characterization techniques is then discussed. We report some concluding remarks and suggest directions for future work.
    Chemical Society Reviews 01/2013; · 24.89 Impact Factor

Full-text (2 Sources)

View
53 Downloads
Available from
May 19, 2014