Are cannabinoids a new treatment option for pain in patients with fibromyalgia?
ABSTRACT Preliminary studies suggest that the synthetic cannabinoid nabilone might be an effective therapy in patients with fibromyalgia. Skrabek et al. performed a double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled clinical trial to analyze the effects of nabilone on pain and quality of life in patients with fibromyalgia. After 4 weeks of treatment (0.5 mg once daily in week 1, 0.5 mg twice daily in week 2, 0.5 mg in the morning and 1 mg in the evening in week 3, and 1 mg twice daily in week 4), patients who received nabilone (n = 15) experienced significant improvements in clinical pain, measured on a visual analog scale (P <0.02), Fibromyalgia Impact Questionnaire score (P <0.02) and the 10-point anxiety scale of the Fibromyalgia Impact Questionnaire (P <0.02). After a 4-week wash-out period at the end of the trial, all benefits were lost in the nabilone cohort, which returned to their baseline levels of pain and quality of life. Patients who received placebo (n = 18) experienced no change throughout the study. Although nabilone was not associated with serious adverse effects, some patients did experience drowsiness, dry mouth, vertigo and ataxia as a result of treatment.
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ABSTRACT: Objectives: The aim of this review is to provide practicing clinicians with detailed information on the quality of life (QoL) of patients with fibromyalgia, and the medical and non-medical management effects on quality of life in fibromyalgia. Methods: A systematic English language search of the medical literature from January 1980 to January 2013 using PubMed was conducted using the search terms “fibromyalgia” AND “quality of life.” The literature search revealed 1,086 publications; 259 were clinical trials on human patients, 230 were reviews and 20 were case reports. Three authors reached a consensus on selecting the studies based on specific inclusion and exclusion criteria. A total of 95 research studies were included in this review. Results: Overall quality of life is severely impaired in patients with fibromyalgia. Comorbidities have a further negative impact on QoL. Substantial pain reductions resulting in improvement of QoL were observed with medications and non-medication interventions such as exercise, acupuncture, cognitive behavioral therapy, neurofeedback and multidisciplinary approach. Conclusion: Fibromyalgia and its comorbidities including pain have a considerable negative impact on the quality of life of fibromyalgia patients. Substantial or moderate pain reduction seems to improve quality of life. A multidisciplinary approach appears to be most beneficial in management of this multifaceted illness, but more studies are needed to develop specific interventions necessary to alleviate pain and sufferings in these patients.
Dataset: FIBROMYALGIA PUBLISHED ARTICLE
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ABSTRACT: Fibromyalgia is a syndrome characterized by chronic widespread pain, stiffness, nonrestorative sleep, fatigue, and comorbid conditions. Recognition of the condition and its associated medications and challenges, along with knowledge of treatment modifications and precautions in drug prescription, can ensure safe and effective delivery of oral health care in fibromyalgia patients. The ever-evolving research into the condition makes it necessary for the oral health care provider to be informed about the current state of the literature and treatment standards regarding the management of fibromyalgia patients. This article reviews the epidemiology, etiology, pathophysiology, and clinical presentation of fibromyalgia, as well as therapeutic advances. Also highlighted are issues that are important to the oral health care provider, including orofacial manifestations and oral health care considerations for patients with fibromyalgia.01/2014; 28(2):107-18.