Nerve compression induces activating transcription factor 3 in neurons and Schwann cells in diabetic rats.
ABSTRACT Expression of transcription factor ATF3 in sensory neurons in dorsal root ganglion and in Schwann cells in sciatic nerve of diabetic (BB and Goto-Kakizaki rats; experimental models of types 1 and 2 diabetes, respectively) and healthy rats were examined by immunocytochemistry after nerve compression (silicone tube) for 3, 6 or 14 days. ATF3-stained sensory neurons in dorsal root ganglia and Schwann cells at compression site were more frequent in diabetic BB rats. Decompression of nerves in Goto-Kakizaki rats did not reduce number of ATF3-stained cells. Diabetes (BB; i.e. type 1) confers on the peripheral nerve an increased susceptibility to nerve compression indicated by an increased expression of stained ATF3 neurons and Schwann cells.
- The Lancet 09/1973; 2(7825):359-62. · 39.06 Impact Factor
- [show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: The role of c-Jun activation for survival and regeneration of sensory neurons is unclear. Here we report that c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK)-mediated c-Jun activation is important for axonal outgrowth of sensory neurons in rat nodose and dorsal root ganglia (DRG). Peripheral severance of the vagus or the sciatic nerve resulted in a massive and rapid, but transient increase of the activated JNK (p-JNK) in neuronal nuclei, followed by c-Jun phosphorylation and activating transcription factor-3 (ATF3) induction. JNK inhibition by the selective JNK inhibitors SP600125 and (D)-JNKI1 did not affect neuronal survival in explanted or dissociated ganglia, but dramatically reduced axonal outgrowth, c-Jun activation, and ATF3 induction. Using retrograde labeling, we demonstrated that activated c-Jun (p-c-Jun) and ATF3 were associated with regenerative neurons. Taken together, our results suggest that JNK-mediated c-Jun activation is one of the first cell body reactions in response to nerve injury and that this activation and subsequent ATF3 induction are associated with axonal outgrowth.Molecular and Cellular Neuroscience 12/2004; 27(3):267-79. · 3.84 Impact Factor
- [show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: We evaluated the effects of chronic hyperglycemia on L5 dorsal root ganglion (DRG) neurons using immunohistochemical and electrophysiologic techniques for evidence of oxidative injury. Experimental diabetic neuropathy was induced by streptozotocin. To evaluate the pathogenesis of the neuropathy, we studied peripheral nerve after 1, 3, and 12 months of diabetes. Electrophysiologic abnormalities were present from the first month and persisted over 12 months. 8-Hydroxy-2'-deoxyguanosine labeling was significantly increased at all time points in DRG neurons, indicating oxidative injury. Caspase-3 labeling was significantly increased at all three time points, indicating commitment to the efferent limb of the apoptotic pathway. Apoptosis was confirmed by a significant increase in the percentage of neurons undergoing apoptosis at 1 month (8%), 3 months (7%), and 12 months (11%). These findings support the concept that oxidative stress leads to oxidative injury of DRG neurons, with mitochondrium as a specific target, leading to impaired mitochondrial function and apoptosis, manifested clinically as a predominantly sensory neuropathy.Diabetes 02/2003; 52(1):165-71. · 7.90 Impact Factor