Search for lepton-flavor-violating decays of the neutral kaon.

The Enrico Fermi Institute, The University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois 60637, USA.
Physical Review Letters (Impact Factor: 7.73). 04/2008; 100(13):131803. DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.100.131803
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT The Fermilab KTeV experiment has searched for lepton-flavor-violating decays of the K(L) meson in three decay modes. We observe no events in the signal region for any of the modes studied, and we set the following upper limits for their branching ratios at the 90% C.L.: BR(K(L) --> pi(0) micro(+/-) e(-/+)) <7.6 x 10(-11); BR(K(L) --> pi(0)pi(0) micro(+/-) e(-/+)) <1.7 x 10(-10); BR(pi(0) --> micro(+/-) e(-/+)) <3.6 x 10(-10). This result represents a factor of 82 improvement in the branching ratio limit for K(L) --> pi(0) micro(+/-) e(-/+) and is the first reported limit for K(L) --> pi(0)pi(0) micro(+/-) e(-/+).

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    ABSTRACT: We calculate the rates for the charged lepton flavour violating (LFV) decays l_i -> l_j gamma, tau -> l pi, tau -> l eta('), mu^- -> e^-e^+e^-, the six three-body leptonic decays tau^- -> l_i^- l_j^+ l_k^- and the rate for mu-e conversion in nuclei in the Standard Model (SM3) extended by a fourth generation of quarks and leptons (SM4), assuming that neutrinos are Dirac particles. We also calculate branching ratios for K_L -> mu e, K_L -> pi^0 mu e, B_{d,s} -> mu e, B_{d,s} -> tau e and B_{d,s} -> tau mu. We find that the pattern of the LFV branching ratios in the SM4 differs significantly from the one encountered in the MSSM, allowing to distinguish these two models with the help of LFV processes in a transparent manner. Also differences with respect to the Littlest Higgs model with T-parity are found. Most importantly the branching ratios for l_i -> l_j gamma, tau -> l pi, tau -> l eta('), mu^- -> e^-e^+e^-, tau^- -> e^-e^+e^-, tau^- -> mu^- mu^+ mu^-, tau^- -> e^- mu^+ mu^- and tau^- -> mu^- e^+ e^- can all still be as large as the present experimental upper bounds but not necessarily simultaneously. Also the rate for mu-e conversion in nuclei can reach the corresponding upper bound. Comment: 28 pages, 9 figures, v3: References added, Version to be published in JHEP
    Journal of High Energy Physics 06/2010; · 5.62 Impact Factor

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