An ultrasensitive new DNA microarray chip provides gene expression profiles for preoperative esophageal cancer biopsies without RNA amplification
ABSTRACT Gene expression profiling using pretreatment biopsies has been limited due to their small sample sizes. This study evaluated the usefulness of an ultrasensitive new DNA microarray chip, which has a unique array structure, for the clinical diagnosis of esophageal cancer using preoperative biopsies.
Paired cancer and normal esophageal epithelial tissues from 56 patients who underwent esophagectomy and from 48 patients who underwent preoperative endoscopy were studied. Among 2 feature gene sets selected by a reference DNA chip discriminating malignant status of samples, 20 feature genes were selected for the development of the new DNA chip. The new DNA chip was hybridized with 0.1 mug of total RNA per slide without RNA amplification.
Twenty feature genes, including RRM-2 and XRCC-3, for the new DNA chip could discriminate cancer from noncancer at a 95.2% rate of accuracy in 42 biopsies (sensitivity 95.7%, specificity 94.7%). A receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis showed that the area under ROC curve for the prediction was 0.966.
The gene expression profiles from the preoperative biopsies could diagnose esophageal cancer accurately, using the ultrasensitive DNA chip without RNA amplification. This new DNA chip technology might contribute further to the development of customized therapeutic strategies for various cancer patients.
[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Tooth tissue engineering offers very attractive perspectives for elaboration of regenerative treatments, which enables to cure tooth loss and restore quality of life of the patients. To elaborate such treatment, isolation and culture of dental pulp cell must be achieved as a key element. In this article, we report the establishment of a stable cell line from GFP transgenic rat dental pulp, named TGC (Tooth Matrix-forming, GFP Rat-derived Cell). TGCs have exhibited odontoblastic feature both in vitro and in vivo. In vitro, TGC exposed to osteogenic medium demonstrated collagen fiber synthesis with matrix vesicle and mineralization and formed a sheet-like substrate on the cell culture dish. Increased ALP activity and elevated transcription level of various genes involved in calcification and dentin formation were also observed. In vivo, transplanted TGC in SCID mice with β-TCP particles formed dentin-like and pulp-like structure with lining odontoblast. Notably, even after up to 80 passages, TGCs retain their morphological features and differentiation ability. To our knowledge, this is the first report of a dental pulp-derived cell with such stable odontoblastic characteristics. TGC could be a very useful model for further study on dental pulp cell.Journal of Oral Pathology and Medicine 05/2013; 42(10). DOI:10.1111/jop.12080 · 1.87 Impact Factor
[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Background:We previously reported that bone marrow (BM) was a homing site for gastric cancer (GC) cells leading to haematogenous metastases. There has been little study that microRNAs regulated pathways in malignant cells or host cells in BM, and thereby regulated the progression of GC.Methods:Both microRNA microarray and gene expression microarray analyses of total RNA from BM were conducted, comparing five early and five advanced GC patients. We focused on miR-144-ZFX axis as a candidate BM regulator of GC progression and validated the origin of the microRNA expression in diverse cell fractions (EpCAM(+)CD45(-), EpCAM(-)CD45(+), and CD14(+)) by magnetic-activated cell sorting (MACS).Results:Quantitative reverse-transcriptase (RT)-PCR analysis validated diminished miR-144 expression in stage IV GC patients with respect to stage I GC patients (t-test, P=0.02), with an inverse correlation to ZFX (ANOVA, P<0.01). Luciferase reporter assays in five GC cell lines indicated their direct binding and validated by western blotting. Pre-miR144 treatment and the resultant repression of ZFX in GC cell lines moderately upregulated their susceptibility to 5-fluorouracil chemotherapy. In MACS-purified BM fractions, the level of miR-144 expression was significantly diminished in disseminated tumour cell fraction (P=0.0005). Diminished miR-144 expression in 93 cases of primary GC indicated poor prognosis.Conclusion:We speculate that disseminated cancer cells could survive in BM when low expression of miR-144 permits upregulation of ZFX. The regulation of the miR-144-ZFX axis in cancer cells has a key role in the indicator of the progression of GC cases.British Journal of Cancer 09/2012; 107(8):1345-53. DOI:10.1038/bjc.2012.326 · 4.82 Impact Factor
[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Trastuzumab has been used for the treatment of HER2-positive breast cancer (BC). However, a subset of BC patients exhibited resistance to trastuzumab therapy. Thus, clarifying the molecular mechanism of trastuzumab treatment will be beneficial to improve the treatment of HER2-positive BC patients. In this study, we identified trastuzumab-responsive microRNAs that are involved in the therapeutic effects of trastuzumab. RNA samples were obtained from HER2-positive (SKBR3 and BT474) and HER2-negetive (MCF7 and MDA-MB-231) cells with and without trastuzumab treatment for 6 days. Next, we conducted a microRNA profiling analysis using these samples to screen those microRNAs that were up- or down-regulated only in HER2-positive cells. This analysis identified miR-26a and miR-30b as trastuzumab-inducible microRNAs. Transfecting miR-26a and miR-30b induced cell growth suppression in the BC cells by 40% and 32%, respectively. A cell cycle analysis showed that these microRNAs induced G1 arrest in HER2-positive BC cells as trastuzumab did. An Annexin-V assay revealed that miR-26a but not miR-30b induced apoptosis in HER2-positive BC cells. Using the prediction algorithms for microRNA targets, we identified cyclin E2 (CCNE2) as a target gene of miR-30b. A luciferase-based reporter assay demonstrated that miR-30b post-transcriptionally reduced 27% (p = 0.005) of the gene expression by interacting with two binding sites in the 3'-UTR of CCNE2. In BC cells, trastuzumab modulated the expression of a subset of microRNAs, including miR-26a and miR-30b. The upregulation of miR-30b by trastuzumab may play a biological role in trastuzumab-induced cell growth inhibition by targeting CCNE2.PLoS ONE 02/2012; 7(2):e31422. DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0031422 · 3.53 Impact Factor