Recommended energy and nutrient intakes for Filipinos 2002.

coravcbarbaInstitute of Human Nutrition and Food, University of the Philip-pines Los Banos, College, Laguna 4031, Philippines.
Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition (Impact Factor: 1.7). 01/2008; 17 Suppl 2:399-404.
Source: PubMed


The Food and Nutrition Research Institute (FNRI) of the Department of Science and Technology (DOST), as in the past, led the review and revision of the 1989 Recommended Dietary Allowances (RDAs) for Filipinos, a vital and essential tool recognized in the nutrition and health community as the source of information on recommended energy and nutrient intakes for the maintenance of good health. This set of dietary standards is periodically evaluated and updated to keep pace with new knowledge on energy and nutrient requirements and metabolism. The set of updated standards is now called Recommended Energy and Nutrient Intakes (RENIs), defined as levels of intakes of energy and nutrients which, on the basis of current scientific knowledge, are considered adequate for the maintenance of good health and well-being of nearly all healthy Filipinos. As in the 1989 edition, intakes of energy, protein, calcium, phosphorus, iron, iodine, zinc, vitamins A, C, D and E, thiamin, riboflavin, niacin, folate, pyridoxine, water and electrolytes (sodium, potassium, chloride) are recommended in this new edition. The desirable proportions of protein, fats, carbohydrates as well as fiber are also provided, in addition to information on recommended intake levels for selenium, magnesium, manganese, fluoride, cobalamin, and vitamin K. These recommendations were derived from a review of current evidences, principally the UN-FAO/WHO's 2002 human vitamin and mineral requirements and the US-Institute of Medicine-Food and Nutrition Board (IOM-FNB)'s series of Dietary Reference Intakes, taking into consideration applicability in and achievability among specific population groups.

137 Reads
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: To determine the prevalence of vitamin D inadequacy in a group of Filipino post-menopausal women with osteoporosis. Seventy otherwise healthy post-menopausal Filipino women seen at the University of Santo Tomas Hospital, Section of Rheumatology, were diagnosed with osteoporosis by central dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) technique. Levels of serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D were measured using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. The mean age of this population was 70 +/- 8 years, with an average of 22 +/- 10 years since menopause, and mean body mass index (BMI) of 22 +/- 1 kg/m(2). Only 30% (21/70) were on calcium plus vitamin D supplementation. Overall serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D levels ranged from 48-128 nmol/L, with a mean of 87 +/- 20.48 nmol/L. Serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D levels were divided as follows: 80-140 nmol/L (adequate), 25-79 nmol/L (inadequate/insufficient), and < 25 nmol/L (deficient). Sixty-four percent (45/70) of subjects had adequate levels while 36% (25/70) had inadequate levels of 25-hydroxyvitamin D. There were no subjects with deficient levels of 25-hydroxyvitamin D. Fischer's exact test did not show a significant association between BMD and 25-hydroxyvitamin D (P = 0.4804). Among this group of women with post-menopausal osteoporosis, only 36% had insufficient levels of 25-hydroxyvitamin D, with none of the subjects having deficient 25-hydroxyvitamin D levels. The majority (64%) had normal serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D levels--comparatively higher than that reported in the literature. These results suggest the possible contribution of factors other than vitamin D deficiency in post-menopausal Filipino women with osteoporosis.
    International Journal of Rheumatic Diseases 09/2009; 12(3):225-9. DOI:10.1111/j.1756-185X.2009.01414.x · 1.47 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Although data showing adverse effects with high and low gestational weight gain (GWG) come from a large number of countries, a variety of guidelines about the GWG exist. Our objectives were to compare existing GWG and energy recommendations across various countries, as well as the rationale or evidence on which they were based. We used the United Nations' Human Developmental Index to determine the ranking of the country to ensure broad sampling and then searched for guidelines. We first searched the national government websites, and if necessary searched Medline and EMBASE, Global Health databases, and bibliographies of published articles for both guidelines and the studies on which they were based. We found guidelines for 31% of the countries, and 59% of these had a GWG recommendation, 68% had an energy intake recommendation (EIR), and 36% had both. About half of the GWG guidelines are similar to the 2009 American Institutes of Medicine (IOM) and 73% of the EIRs are similar to the 2006 IOM. Despite the documented relationship between both high GWG and adverse outcomes for women and infants and low GWG and adverse outcomes in infants, there are a wide variety of guidelines for GWG and energy recommendations by different countries around the world.
    Obesity Reviews 10/2012; 14(1). DOI:10.1111/j.1467-789X.2012.01059.x · 8.00 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Asian regions have been suffering from growing double burden of nutritional health problems, such as undernutrition and chronic diseases. National nutrition survey plays an essential role in helping to improve both national and global health and reduce health disparities. The aim of this review was to compile and present the information on current national nutrition surveys conducted in Asian countries and suggest relevant issues in implementation of national nutrition surveys. Fifteen countries in Asia have conducted national nutrition surveys to collect data on nutrition and health status of the population. The information on national nutrition survey of each country was obtained from government documents, international organizations, survey website of governmental agencies, and publications, including journal articles, books, reports, and brochures. The national nutrition survey of each country has different variables and procedures. Variables of the surveys include sociodemographic and lifestyle variables; foods and beverages intake, dietary habits, and food security of individual or household; and health indicators, such as anthropometric and biochemical variables. The surveys have focused on collecting data about nutritional health status in children aged under five years and women of reproductive ages, nutrition intake adequacy and prevalence of obesity and chronic diseases for all individuals. To measure nutrition and health status of Asian populations accurately, improvement of current dietary assessment methods with various diet evaluation tools is necessary. The information organized in this review is important for researchers, policy makers, public health program developers, educators, and consumers in improving national and global health.
    Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition 12/2014; 23(4):514-523. DOI:10.6133/apjcn.2014.23.4.09 · 1.70 Impact Factor


137 Reads
Available from