Pyrrolidine and piperidine formation via copper(II) carboxylate-promoted intramolecular carboamination of unactivated olefins: diastereoselectivity and mechanism.
ABSTRACT An expanded substrate scope and in-depth analysis of the reaction mechanism of the copper(II) carboxylate-promoted intramolecular carboamination of unactivated alkenes is described. This method provides access to N-functionalized pyrrolidines and piperidines. Both aromatic and aliphatic gamma- and delta-alkenyl N-arylsulfonamides undergo the oxidative cyclization reaction efficiently. N-Benzoyl-2-allylaniline also underwent the oxidative cyclization. The terminal olefin substrates examined were more reactive than those with internal olefins, and the latter terminated in elimination rather than carbon-carbon bond formation. The efficiency of the reaction was enhanced by the use of more organic soluble copper(II) carboxylate salts, copper(II) neodecanoate in particular. The reaction times were reduced by the use of microwave heating. High levels of diastereoselectivity were observed in the synthesis of 2,5-disubstituted pyrrolidines, wherein the cis substitution pattern predominates. The mechanism of the reaction is discussed in the context of the observed reactivity and in comparison to analogous reactions promoted by other reagents and conditions. Our evidence supports a mechanism wherein the N-C bond is formed via intramolecular syn aminocupration and the C-C bond is formed via intramolecular addition of a primary carbon radical to an aromatic ring.
Article: Et3B-induced radical addition of N,N-dichlorosulfonamide to alkenes and pyrrolidine formation via radical annulation.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: A highly regioselective radical addition of N,N-dichlorobenzenesulfonamide (dichloramine-B) to 1-alkenes is achieved at -78 degrees C by the use of triethylborane as a radical initiator. The reaction of 1,3-dienes with N,N-dichlorosulfonamide in the presence of Et(3)B regioselectively provides N-chloro-N-allylamide derivatives. N-chloro-N-allylamides thus obtained react with a variety of alkenes to furnish pyrrolidine derivatives in good yields. A radical annulation reaction among N,N-dichlorosulfonamide, 1,3-dienes, and alkenes has been developed.The Journal of Organic Chemistry 05/2003; 68(8):3246-50. · 4.45 Impact Factor