Diagnostic value of interferon-gamma in tuberculous pleurisy - A metaanalysis
ABSTRACT Conventional tests are not always helpful in making a diagnosis of tuberculous pleurisy. Many studies have investigated the usefulness of interferon (IFN)-gamma measurements in pleural fluid for the early diagnosis of tuberculous pleurisy. We conducted a metaanalysis to determine the accuracy of IFN-gamma measurements in the diagnosis of tuberculous pleurisy.
After a systematic review of English-language studies, sensitivity, specificity, and other measures of accuracy of IFN-gamma concentrations in the diagnosis of pleural effusion were pooled using random-effects models. Summary receiver operating characteristic curves were used to summarize overall test performance.
Twenty-two studies met our inclusion criteria. The summary estimates for IFN-gamma in the diagnosis of tuberculous pleurisy in the studies included were as follows: sensitivity, 0.89 (95% confidence interval [CI], 0.87 to 0.91); specificity, 0.97 (95% CI, 0.96 to 0.98); positive likelihood ratio, 23.45 (95% CI, 17.31 to 31.78); negative likelihood ratio, 0.11 (95% CI, 0.07 to 0.16); and diagnostic odds ratio, 272.7 (95% CI, 147.5 to 504.2).
IFN-gamma determination is a sensitive and specific test for the diagnosis of tuberculous pleurisy. The measurement of IFN-gamma levels in pleural effusions is thus likely to be a useful tool for diagnosing tuberculous pleurisy. The results of IFN-gamma assays should be interpreted in parallel with clinical findings and the results of conventional tests.
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ABSTRACT: An increasing number of studies have examined the ability of mesothelin to be a marker for the diagnosis of pancreatic cancer (PCa). The exact role of mesothelin needs to be elucidated. The aim of this study is to determine the overall accuracy of mesothelinin PCa through a meta-analysis of published studies. Publications addressing the accuracy of mesothelin in the diagnosis of PCa were selected from Pubmed, Embase, Cochrane Library, Web of Science, and The Chinese Journals Full-text Database (CNKI). The following indexes of test accuracy were computed for eachstudy: sensitivity, specificity, positive likelihood ratio (PLR), negative likelihood ratio (NLR), and diagnostic odds ratio (DOR). The diagnostic threshold identified for each study wasused to plot a summary receiver operating characteristic (SROC) curve. Statistical analysis was performed by Meta-Disc1.4 and STATA 12.0 software. 12 studies met the inclusion criteria. The summary estimates for mesothelin in the diagnosis of PCa were: sensitivity 0.71 (95% CI, 0.67-0.75), specificity 0.88 (95% CI, 0.85-0.91), positive likelihood ratio (PLR) 8.53 (95% CI, 3.42-21.27), negative likelihood ratio (NLR) 0.36 (95% CI, 0.28-0.46)and diagnostic odds ratio 33.93 (95% CI, 10.71-107.5). The SROC curveindicated that the maximum joint sensitivity and specificity (Q-value) was 0.81; the area under the curve was 0.88. Our findings suggest that mesothelin may be a useful diagnostic adjunctive tool for confirming PCa. However, further large scale studies are needed to confirm these findings.International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Medicine 01/2014; 7(11):4000-7. · 1.42 Impact Factor
Article: Les tuberculoses extrapulmonaires[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Each year, there are more than eight million new cases of tuberculosis and 1.3 million deaths. There is a renewed interest in extrapulmonary forms of tuberculosis as its relative frequency increases. Among extrapulmonary organs, pleura and lymph nodes are the most common. Their diagnosis is often difficult and is based on clinical, radiological, bacteriological and histological findings. Extrapulmonary lesions are paucibacillary and samplings, in most cases, difficult to obtain, so diagnosis is often simply presumptive. Nucleic acid amplification tests, which are fast and specific, have greatly facilitated the diagnosis of some forms of extrapulmonary tuberculosis. However, their sensitivity is poor and a negative test does not eliminate the diagnosis. Treatment is the same as for pulmonary forms, but its duration is nine to 12 months for central nervous system and for bone tuberculosis. Corticosteroids are indicated in meningeal and pericardial localizations. Complementary surgery is used for certain complicated forms.Revue de Pneumologie Clinique 08/2014; DOI:10.1016/j.pneumo.2014.04.001 · 0.19 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Pleural effusion management is a common clinical situation associated with numerous pulmonary, pleural or extra-pulmonary diseases. A systematic approach is needed to enable a rapid diagnosis and an appropriate treatment. Pleural fluid analysis is the first step to perform which allows a presumptive diagnosis in most cases. Otherwise, further analysis of the pleural fluid or thoracic imaging or pleural biopsy may be necessary. This review aims at highlighting the important elements of the work-up required by a pleural effusion. Copyright © 2014 Société nationale française de médecine interne (SNFMI). Published by Elsevier SAS. All rights reserved.