Article

European citizens' use of E-health services: A study of seven countries

Norwegian Centre for Telemedicine, University Hospital of Northern Norway, Tromsø, Norway.
BMC Public Health (Impact Factor: 2.32). 04/2007; 7:53. DOI: 10.1186/1471-2458-7-53
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT European citizens are increasingly being offered Internet health services. This study investigated patterns of health-related Internet use, its consequences, and citizens' expectations about their doctors' provision of e-health services.
Representative samples were obtained from the general populations in Norway, Denmark, Germany, Greece, Poland, Portugal and Latvia. The total sample consisted of 7934 respondents. Interviews were conducted by telephone.
44 % of the total sample, 71 % of the Internet users, had used the Internet for health purposes. Factors that positively affected the use of Internet for health purposes were youth, higher education, white-collar or no paid job, visits to the GP during the past year, long-term illness or disabilities, and a subjective assessment of one's own health as good. Women were the most active health users among those who were online. One in four of the respondents used the Internet to prepare for or follow up doctors' appointments. Feeling reassured after using the Internet for health purposes was twice as common as experiencing anxieties. When choosing a new doctor, more than a third of the sample rated the provision of e-health services as important.
The users of Internet health services differ from the general population when it comes to health and demographic variables. The most common way to use the Internet in health matters is to read information, second comes using the net to decide whether to see a doctor and to prepare for and follow up on doctors' appointments. Hence, health-related use of the Internet does affect patients' use of other health services, but it would appear to supplement rather than to replace other health services.

Full-text

Available from: Maria Bujnowska-Fedak, Jun 02, 2015
0 Followers
 · 
140 Views
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Most of adult Internet users have searched for health information on the Internet. The Internet has become one of the most important sources for health information and treatment advice. In most cases, the information found is not verified with a medical doctor, but judged by the "online-diagnosers" independently. Facing this situation, public health authorities raise concern over the quality of medical information laypersons can find on the Internet. The objective of the study was aimed at developing a measure to evaluate the credibility of websites that offer medical advice and information. The measure was tested in a quasi-experimental study on two sleeping-disorder websites of different quality. There were 45 survey items for rating the credibility of websites that were tested in a quasi-experimental study with a random assignment of 454 participants to either a high- or a low-quality website exposure. Using principal component analysis, the original items were reduced to 13 and sorted into the factors: trustworthiness, textual deficits of the content, interferences (external links on the Web site), and advertisements. The first two factors focus more on the provided content itself, while the other two describe the embedding of the content into the website. The 45 survey items had been designed previously using exploratory observations and literature research. The final scale showed adequate power and reliability for all factors. The loadings of the principal component analysis ranged satisfactorily (.644 to .854). Significant differences at P<.001 were found between the low- and high-quality groups. Advertisements on the website were rated as disturbing in both experimental conditions, meaning that they do not differentiate between good and bad information. The scale reliably distinguished high- and low-quality of medical advice given on websites.
    01/2015; 4(1):e8. DOI:10.2196/ijmr.3144
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Cette étude sur l’utilisation d’Internet pour s’informer en matière de santé est la première recherche publique conduite en France. Elle a été relayée par 13 sites partenaires et par mail et plus de 4 500 personnes y ont participé. Le questionnaire était long, mais très riche en informations sur la situation sociale des personnes, leur accès à Internet, leur utilisation d’Internet pour s’informer en matière de santé, leur état de santé, les croyances et perceptions de santé ainsi que leur recours aux soins. cette étude porte sur un échantillon de convenance non aléatoire : la généralisation de ces résultats à l’ensemble des internautes français ou des internautes santé en France ne peut se faire sans précautions particulières. Cette étude permet néanmoins de dégager des points importants et des hypothèses intéressantes pour mieux comprendre l’impact d’Internet en termes de santé publique, sur les relations entre patients et médecins, la façon de se soigner ou de percevoir le système de soins de manière plus générale.
  • Source
    Conference Paper: EKG Mobile
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Diagnosis of latent cardiovascular disease may not always occur in the early stages of this disease, mainly due to the impossibility of patients and hospitals to have available all the medical resources necessary to meet current demand. In this paper, we propose a low-cost and lightweight mechanism aimed at detecting cardiovascular disease. The system allows the patient to have an easy way to monitor heart activity, as well as an online system to detect potential anomalies, which are automatically sent to the physician to certify or dismiss the problem detected.
    EKG Mobile, pp. 95-100.; 01/2014