Article

Treatment of arterial ischemic stroke in children.

Children's National Medical Center, Department of Neurology, Washington, DC 20010, USA.
Expert Review of Neurotherapeutics (Impact Factor: 2.96). 04/2007; 7(4):383-92. DOI: 10.1586/14737175.7.4.383
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Stroke is a rare but increasingly recognized disorder in children. Current therapies for arterial ischemic stroke include thrombolytic, antithrombotic and antiplatelet agents, blood transfusion and surgery. Adult studies, pediatric case studies and expert opinion form the basis for these treatment strategies. Thrombolytic agents are increasingly used but, as in adults, the majority of arterial ischemic strokes in children are treated with antiplatelet and antithrombotic agents. Sickle-cell patients, a distinct subset of the pediatric stroke population, are treated primarily with transfusion therapy. Pediatric arterial ischemic stroke studies are needed to determine the most appropriate course of treatment. An international study is currently in progress to formally study the incidence, risk factors, treatment strategies and outcomes of stroke in children.

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