[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Tetracyclines are broad-spectrum antibiotics that act as such at the ribosomal level where they interfere with protein synthesis. They were first widely prescribed by dermatologists in the early 1950s when it was discovered that they were effective as a treatment for acne. More recently, biologic actions affecting inflammation, proteolysis, angiogenesis, apoptosis, metal chelation, ionophoresis, and bone metabolism have been researched. The therapeutic effects of tetracycline and its analogues in various diseases have also been investigated. These include rosacea, bullous dermatoses, neutrophilic diseases, pyoderma gangrenosum, sarcoidosis, aortic aneurysms, cancer metastasis, periodontitis, and autoimmune disorders such as rheumatoid arthritis and scleroderma. We review the nonantibiotic properties of tetracycline and its analogues and their potential for clinical application.
Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology 03/2006; 54(2):258-65. · 4.91 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To increase awareness of minocycline-induced autoimmune syndromes.
Review of relevant publications from the American and European literature.
Four minocycline-induced syndromes have been described in 82 patients: serum sickness, drug-induced lupus, autoimmune hepatitis, and vasculitis. Aside from sporadic cases of serum sickness, all other syndromes occurred in patients treated for acne. Drug-induced lupus and hepatitis were by far the most common events (66 cases). Except for serum sickness, which presented shortly (mean, 16 days) after minocycline, the autoimmune syndromes manifested after protracted use (mean, 25.3 months). As expected, the patients with acne were young (mean, 19.7 years). The most frequent symptoms were arthralgia, followed by arthritis, fever, and rash (73, 45, 38, and 29 patients, respectively). Serologically, antinuclear antibodies were the most common finding (63 positive of 68 tests); perinuclear anti-neutrophilic cytoplasmic antibodies (pANCA), when assayed, were similarly frequent (20 of 24 tests). Surprisingly, anti-histone antibodies were uncommon, even among patients with drug-induced lupus (4 of 31 tests). The clinical and serological features of the separate syndromes may overlap. The diagnostic value of pANCA, as well as its possible role in minocycline-induced autoimmunity, are discussed.
Minocycline has the potential to evoke a variety of clinical and serological autoimmune expressions. The number of published reports may underestimate the frequency of this condition, which should be suspected and investigated in young patients with autoimmune manifestations.
Seminars in Arthritis and Rheumatism 07/1999; 28(6):392-7. · 3.81 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Minocycline is a tetracycline agent frequently used for acne therapy. It has a few rare but severe side effects that are not widely known but should be recognized early as drug related. These include acute hepatitis and liver failure; a Löffler-like syndrome with pulmonary infiltrates, wheezing, fever, and eosinophilia; skin eruptions, eosinophilic cellulitis, and pustular folliculitis with eosinophilia; and a lupuslike syndrome. Side effects that are better known and recognized include photosensitization, skin exanthema with pruritus, and pseudotumor cerebri.
Archives of Internal Medicine 10/1994; 154(17):1983-4. · 11.46 Impact Factor
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