Action of neltenexine on anion secretion in human airway epithelia

Division of Molecular Cell Physiology, Kyoto Prefectural University of Medicine, Kioto, Kyōto, Japan
Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications (Impact Factor: 2.3). 05/2007; 356(4):1050-5. DOI: 10.1016/j.bbrc.2007.03.095
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Neltenexine has been applied to human lung diseases such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) as a mucolytic agent. However, we have no information on the neltenexine action in bronchial epithelial cells. We studied the neltenexine action on the ion transport in human submucosal serous Calu-3 cells. Under a hyper-secreting condition caused by terbutaline (a beta2-adrenergic agonist), neltenexine diminished anion secretion by inhibiting the Cl- and HCO3- uptake via Na+/K+/2Cl- cotransporter and Na+/HCO3- cotransporter without blockade of the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) channel, and also diminished anion secretion via stimulation of Cl-/HCO3- exchanger, which facilitates the extrusion of more CFTR-permeant anion, Cl-, with the uptake of less CFTR-permeant anion, HCO3-. Thus, neltenexine reduced the hyper-secretion to keep an appropriate fluid level in the airway, providing a possibility that neltenexine can be an effective drug in airway obstructive diseases by decreasing the airway resistance under a hyper-secreting condition.

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