Biodegradation of heavy crude oil Maya using spent compost and sugar cane bagasse wastes.
ABSTRACT Experiments were carried out to evaluate the use of some agroindustrial wastes as supports in solid state cultures for the biodegradation of crude oil Maya in static column reactors over 15-20 days periods. Spent compost and cane bagasse wastes showed superior qualities over peat moss waste as support candidates with the advantage that they contain appreciable densities of autochthonous microorganisms in the order of 10(2) cfu g(-1). Mercuric chloride (2%) was able to completely inhibit growth of these microfloras. Biodegradation was enhanced in the presence of the IMP consortium and highest when microflora from cane bagasse only was the bioaugmentation partner (180.7 mg kg(-1) day(-1)). Combination of these waste materials (3:1 ratio, respectively) was observed to significantly biodegrade the crude oil by approximately 40% in 15 days from an initial concentration of 10,000 mg kg(-1) with a four order of magnitude increase in microbial density during this period. Spent compost and cane bagasse wastes are veritable solid support candidates for use in the biodegradation of crude oil polluted systems.
Article: Molecular detection and phylogenetic characterization of Gordonia species in heavily oil-contaminated soils.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: This study was undertaken to assess genetic diversity among Gordonia species present in heavily oil-contaminated sites using both a culture-dependent and a culture-independent (PCR-denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis (DGGE)) approach. Soil samples for this purpose were collected from 8 different heavily (crude) oil-contaminated industrial park sites located around Kaohsiung County, Taiwan. Using Gordonia-specific PCR-DGGE, a significant increase in Gordonia species diversity was noted in 1% heavily oil-enriched soil. A total of 67 strains were scored and identified as Gordonia after genus-specific PCR amplification and sequencing. BOX-PCR fingerprinting of culturable Gordonia showed wide strain diversity. A total of 33 different strains were identified from most of the sampling sites. Based on gyrB gene sequence analysis, all Gordonia strains could be segregated into five major clusters. Gordonia amicalis was the predominant species in all oil-amended soil samples. Isolates sharing <98.5% gyrB gene sequence similarities with Gordonia type strains represent indigenous novel Gordonia species. Variations in phenotypic characteristics further confirm the presence of a wide range of species and strain diversity among Gordonia isolates. Based on the genotypic and phenotypic details obtained here, we conclude that heavily oil-contaminated soil supports diverse indigenous Gordonia strains.Research in Microbiology 09/2008; 159(7-8):522-9. · 2.76 Impact Factor