Pesticide use and colorectal cancer risk in the Agricultural Health Study.

Department of Preventive Medicine, College of Medicine, Korea University, Seoul, Korea.
International Journal of Cancer (Impact Factor: 5.01). 07/2007; 121(2):339-46. DOI: 10.1002/ijc.22635
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT We investigated the relationship between agricultural pesticides and colorectal cancer incidence in the Agricultural Health Study. A total of 56,813 pesticide applicators with no prior history of colorectal cancer were included in this analysis. Detailed pesticide exposure and other information were obtained from self-administered questionnaires completed at the time of enrollment (1993-1997). Cancer incidence was determined through population-based cancer registries from enrollment through December 31, 2002. A total of 305 incident colorectal cancers (212 colon, 93 rectum) were diagnosed during the study period, 1993-2002. Although most of the 50 pesticides studied were not associated with colorectal cancer risk, chlorpyrifos use showed significant exposure response trend (p for trend = 0.008) for rectal cancer, rising to a 2.7-fold (95% confidence interval: 1.2-6.4) increased risk in the highest exposure category. Aldicarb was associated with a significantly increased risk of colon cancer (p for trend = 0.001), based on a small number of exposed cases, with the highest exposure category resulting in a 4.1-fold increased risk (95% confidence interval: 1.3-12.8). In contrast, dichlorophenoxyacetic acid showed a significant inverse association with colon cancer but the association was not monotonic. Our findings should be interpreted cautiously since the literature suggesting that pesticides are related to colorectal cancer is limited. Nonetheless the possibility of an association between exposure to certain pesticides and incidence of colorectal cancer among pesticide applicators deserves further evaluation.

  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: A traditional belief widespread across the biomedical community was that dietary habits and genetic predisposition were the basic factors causing colorectal cancer. In more recent times, however, a growing evidence has shown that other determinants can be very important in increasing (or reducing) incidence of this malignancy. The hypothesis that environmental and occupational risk factors are associated with colorectal cancer is gaining ground, and high risks of colorectal cancer have been reported among workers in some industrial branches. The aim of this study was to investigate the epidemiologic relationship between colorectal cancer and occupational exposures to several industrial activities, by means of a scientific literature review and meta-analysis. This work pointed out increased risks of colorectal cancer for labourers occupied in industries with a wide use of chemical compounds, such as leather (RR = 1.70, 95%CI: 1.24-2.34), basic metals (RR = 1.32, 95%CI: 1.07-1.65), plastic and rubber manufacturing (RR = 1.30, 95%CI: 0.98-1.71 and RR = 1.27, 95%CI: 0.92-1.76, respectively), besides workers in the sector of repair and installation of machinery exposed to asbestos (RR = 1.40, 95%CI: 1.07-1.84). Based on our results, the estimated crude excess risk fraction attributable to occupational exposure ranged from about 11% to about 15%. However, homogeneous pattern of association between colorectal cancer and industrial branches did not emerge from this review.
    World journal of gastroenterology : WJG. 09/2014; 20(35):12431-12444.
  • Source
    Bendiocarb - pesticide exposure and toxicity in animals, Edited by Eva Petrovova, Robert Stawarz, Agnieszka Gren, 12/2013: chapter Pesticide risks and benefits: pages 7-36; Wydawnictwo Naukowe Uniwersytetu Pedagogicznego., ISBN: 978–83–7271–840–7
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Human population bears the brunt of deadly hepatotoxic, neurodegenerative, behavioural and various other developmental disorders due to pesticide toxicity through environmental or occupational exposures. The application of pesticides to control pests in land and water has posed potential health hazards to live stock and wildlife including fishes, mammals, birds and humans. Therefore, various scientific approaches are being considered to tackle the problem of pesticide poisoning especially in developing economies. The role of essential trace elements as the promising and efficient preventive prophylactic agents without any toxicity and side effects in attenuating the adverse effects caused by pesticides, have been reported by various scientists, the world over. In this perspective, zinc, a key constituent of more than 300 mammalian enzymes and many transcription factors has proved its protective potential in various models of animal toxicity. The hepato-protective potential of zinc has been proved during various toxic states including pesticide toxicity. However, zinc warrants further examination with regard to documentation of specific molecular pathways to establish the exact mechanisms for zinc-mediated protection during pesticide toxicity.
    Pesticide Biochemistry and Physiology 06/2014; · 2.01 Impact Factor

Full-text (2 Sources)

Available from
May 16, 2014