Canonical transient receptor potential 1 channel is involved in contractile function of glomerular mesangial cells.
ABSTRACT Contractility of mesangial cells (MC) is tightly controlled by [Ca(2+)](i). Ca(2+) influx across the plasma membrane constitutes a major component of mesangial responses to vasoconstrictors. Canonical transient receptor potential 1 (TRPC1) is a Ca(2+)-permeable cation channel in a variety of cell types. This study was performed to investigate whether TRPC1 takes part in vasoconstrictor-induced mesangial contraction by mediating Ca(2+) entry. It was found that angiotensin II (AngII) evoked remarkable contraction of the cultured MC. Downregulation of TRPC1 using RNA interference significantly attenuated the contractile response. Infusion of AngII or endothelin-1 in rats caused a decrease in GFR. The GFR decline was significantly reduced by infusion of TRPC1 antibody that targets an extracellular domain in the pore region of TRPC1 channel. However, the treatment of TRPC1 antibody did not affect the AngII-induced vasopressing effect. Electrophysiologic experiments revealed that functional or biologic inhibition of TRPC1 significantly depressed AngII-induced channel activation. Fura-2 fluorescence-indicated that Ca(2+) entry in response to AngII stimulation was also dramatically inhibited by TRPC1 antibody and TRPC1-specific RNA interference. These results suggest that TRPC1 plays an important role in controlling contractile function of MC. Mediation of Ca(2+) entry might be the underlying mechanism for the TRPC1-associated MC contraction.
- SourceAvailable from: Mohamed Trebak
Article: The mammalian TRPC cation channels.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Transient Receptor Potential-Canonical (TRPC) channels are mammalian homologs of Transient Receptor Potential (TRP), a Ca(2+)-permeable channel involved in the phospholipase C-regulated photoreceptor activation mechanism in Drosophila. The seven mammalian TRPCs constitute a family of channels which have been proposed to function as store-operated as well as second messenger-operated channels in a variety of cell types. TRPC channels, together with other more distantly related channel families, make up the larger TRP channel superfamily. This review summarizes recent findings on the structure, regulation and function of the apparently ubiquitous TRPC cation channels.Biochimica et Biophysica Acta 01/2005; 1742(1-3):21-36. · 4.66 Impact Factor