Evaluation of renovascular hypertension: comparison of functional MRI and contrast-enhanced MRA with a routinely performed renal scintigraphy and DSA.
ABSTRACT The main objective of this study was to evaluate a clinically suspected renovascular hypertension (RVH) by means of MRI. It was to find out if functional MRI (fMRI) is able to provide adequate results with regard to MAG3 captopril scintigraphy and if contrast-enhanced MR angiography (MRA) is able to provide adequate results in the stenosis grading compared with the nonselective digital subtraction angiography (DSA).
This open, monocentric, prospective, phase 3 study included patients with a clinically suspected RVH. For fMRI a dynamic TurboFLASH sequence and for MRA a single-shot breath-hold flash 3D sequence was performed. Gadodiamide was injected as contrast medium.
Sixty patients were included in the study. The correlation between fMRI and scintigraphy had an accuracy, a sensitivity, and a specificity of 69%, 5%, and 92%, respectively, and correlations between MRA and DSA of 95%, 92%, and 96%.
The noninvasive MRA can replace DSA in the diagnosis of renal artery stenosis. However, fMRI can not replace renal scintigraphy.
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ABSTRACT: Fifty-nine patients with occlusive disease of the aorto-iliac and femoro-popliteal arteries were investigated prospectively by intravenous (IV) or intraarterial (IA) digital subtraction angiography (DSA) and magnetic resonance angiography (MRA). This was accomplished using a two-dimensional (2D) Inflow- (59 patients) and a 2D Phase Contrast- (RSE — rapid sequential excitation) sequence (29 patients). The spectrum of pathology included stenoses < 50%, stenoses 50–89%, stenoses 90–99%, occlusions, aneurysms and status following reconstructive surgery. MRA- and DSA-examinations were evaluated by four radiologists. The diagnoses were made by consent decisions of a radiologist and a vascular surgeon based on clinical and radiological findings. Diagnostic performance of IA-DSA was superior to all other imaging modalities. Vascular delineation of 2D Inflow-MRA was comparable to that of IV-DSA. The image quality of RSE-MRA was not adequate for diagnosis. In conclusion, 2D Inflow-MRA is a promising method for evaluating abdominal and peripheral arteriosclerotic disease. Interpretation of MR-angiograms, however, requires profound knowledge of MRA-techniques, X-ray angiography and hemodynamics.European Journal of Radiology 02/1995; · 2.51 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: PurposeTo evaluate differences in the magnitude and time course of renal cortical contrast uptake in patients with minimal, moderate, and severe renal artery stenosis (RAS) using contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance renography (CE-MRR).Materials and MethodsCE-MRR was performed on 56 patients with renovascular disease using a three-dimensional volume interpolated breath-hold examination (VIBE) perfusion sequence. After administration of 2 mL of contrast, nine sequential axial VIBE datasets were acquired: at baseline, 7, 14, 21, 45, 60, 120, 180, and 240 seconds. Aortic peak signal enhancement and cortical peak signal enhancement through the mid portion of each kidney was recorded, along with the time delay between each peak. Each renal artery was subsequently examined using three-dimensional contrast-enhanced MR angiography, and graded as being minimally (0%–30%), moderately (31%–70%), or severely (71%–100%) stenotic.ResultsWhen the data were subdivided by RAS category, the cortical to aortic peak enhancement ratio (CAPR) reduced with increasing RAS. Further, the cortical to aortic time delay (CATD) increased with increasing RAS. These measurements were statistically significant between patients with minimal and moderate RAS compared to severe RASConclusionCE-MRR can assist in the differentiation of patients with minimal or moderate RAS from those with severe RAS. J. Magn. Reson. Imaging 2003;18:461–466. © 2003 Wiley-Liss, Inc.Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging 09/2003; 18(4):461 - 466. · 2.57 Impact Factor
Article: MR imaging of renal function.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: MR imaging is the only single noninvasive test that can potentially provide a complete picture of renal status with minimal risk to the patient, simultaneously improving diagnosis while lowering medical costs by virtue of its being a single test. The strengths of MR imaging lie in its high spatial and temporal resolution and its lack of exposure to ionizing radiation and nephrotoxic contrast agents. This article reviews the use of MR imaging for quantification of renal functional parameters and its application to clinical problems, such as RVD, hydronephrosis, and renal transplantation. Although advances in both the technical and clinical aspects of functional renal MR imaging have been made, much remains to be done. The preliminary results reported in the many studies reviewed are exciting, but these techniques need to be validated against accepted standards where such standards exist. In addition, and perhaps more important, the effects of these new diagnostic methods on patient outcomes must be studied. Finally, further progress in image processing and analysis must be made to make functional renal MR imaging truly practical. With these advances, one can expect functional renal MR imaging to play an ever-expanding and influential role in the care and management of the patient with renal disease.Radiologic Clinics of North America 10/2003; 41(5):1001-17. · 1.95 Impact Factor