Effects of an indoor plant on creative task performance and mood

Bunkyo Gakuin University, Oimachi, Iruma-gun, Saitama 356-8533, Japan.
Scandinavian Journal of Psychology (Impact Factor: 1.29). 11/2004; 45(5):373-81. DOI: 10.1111/j.1467-9450.2004.00419.x
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT In this study, we investigated the effect of an indoor plant on task performance and on mood. Three room arrangements were used as independent variables: a room with (1) a plant, or (2) a magazine rack with magazines placed in front of the participants, or (3) a room with neither of these objects. Undergraduate students (M= 35, F= 55) performed a task of associating up to 30 words with each of 20 specified words in a room with one of the three room arrangements. Task performance scores showed that female participants performed better in view of the plant in comparison to the magazine rack (p < 0.05). Moreover, mood was better with the plant or the magazine rack in the room compared to the no object condition (p < 0.05). However, the difference in task performance was highly influenced by the evaluation about the plant or the magazine rack. It is suggested that the compatibility between task demand and the environment is an important factor in facilitating task performances.

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Available from: Seiji Shibata, Jul 11, 2015
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    • "The impact of plants was larger at the association task, then at the sorting task. Plants had a negative effect on women in sorting tasks 1, 5, 11 Shibata and Suzuki (2002) The presence of plants increases the performance score of women; in general the presence of a plant increases the mood and the appreciation of the space 11 Shoemaker (1992) Plants have no impact on work satisfaction 5 Stone (1998) Plants have a negative impact on performance and task perception 11 "
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    • "Interior plants may offer psychological and restorative values such as reduced tension and increased satisfaction in home, school and work atmospheres (Ulrich, Simons, Losito, Fiorito, Miles & Zelson, 1991; Dravigne, Walicek, Lineberger, & Zajicek, 1998; Waliczek, Zajicek, & Lineberger, 2005). Other studies have shown that the presence of indoor plants may have positive effects on individual " s moods, recovery from mental fatigue, stress levels, and creative task performance (Shibata & Suzuki, 2004; Kaplan, 2001; Ulrich et al, 1991; Dijkstra, Pieterse & Pruyn, 2008). Many of these studies have focused on measuring specific participants " emotive and physical reactions to exposure to plants, but have not offered participants the opportunity to iterate their own perceptions about other benefits they may have gained from interactions with plants. "
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