Article

Effects of an indoor plant on creative task performance and mood.

Bunkyo Gakuin University, Oimachi, Iruma-gun, Saitama 356-8533, Japan.
Scandinavian Journal of Psychology (Impact Factor: 1.29). 11/2004; 45(5):373-81. DOI: 10.1111/j.1467-9450.2004.00419.x
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT In this study, we investigated the effect of an indoor plant on task performance and on mood. Three room arrangements were used as independent variables: a room with (1) a plant, or (2) a magazine rack with magazines placed in front of the participants, or (3) a room with neither of these objects. Undergraduate students (M= 35, F= 55) performed a task of associating up to 30 words with each of 20 specified words in a room with one of the three room arrangements. Task performance scores showed that female participants performed better in view of the plant in comparison to the magazine rack (p < 0.05). Moreover, mood was better with the plant or the magazine rack in the room compared to the no object condition (p < 0.05). However, the difference in task performance was highly influenced by the evaluation about the plant or the magazine rack. It is suggested that the compatibility between task demand and the environment is an important factor in facilitating task performances.

0 Bookmarks
 · 
99 Views
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: This working paper presents a systematic review of the relationship between the physical office environment and individual work performance. For the review 34 empirical studies have been identified and their methodological quality has been rated. Among the identified studies 15 were rated as methodologically good, 11 were of middle quality and 8 were rated as weak. The number of empirical studies shows that there is scant evidence. Regarding office structure there are no changes in individual work performance when office structure is changed. Where changes were identified the type of work played a role so far as individual tasks with high concentration requirements are somewhat impaired in multi-person offices. There are not enough studies to assess the effect of lighting and indoor climate on work performance. Individual work performance seems to be reduced by high speech intelligibility for complex tasks. However, the effects are small. Individual regulation of the physical work environment is positively and consistently related to work performance. However, the empirical basis is small. Control over the individual work environment as well as the regulation of social interaction (privacy) seem to have positive effects on individual work performance.
  • Source
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: This paper explores whether or not students in higher education settings are using creative cognitive processes, how these processes are related to deep approaches to learning, and in what types of settings and students these processes are most prevalent. Data collected from 8,724 students at 17 institutions participating in the 2010 National Survey of Student Engagement suggests that first-year and senior students employ several different creative cognitive processes in their everyday activities. Results from exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses suggest two distinct types of processes: deliberate creative processes and intuitive cognitive processes. Additional analyses indicate significant positive relationships between both types of creative processes and deep approaches to learning, as well as statistically significant differences in the use of creative processes based on gender, enrollment type, and type of institution. Potential reasons for and implications of these findings are discussed.
    11/2014; DOI:10.1002/jocb.77

Full-text (2 Sources)

Download
63 Downloads
Available from
May 31, 2014